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Full text of "Annual vital statistics report, Maryland"

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State of Maryland 



Tnti^ 



Center for Health Statistics 



i#iUl4ll 



Department of Health and Mental Hygiene 



1981 



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y • i'iJe: 






ANNUAL VITAL STATISTICS REPORT 
MARYLAND, 1981 



HA 



^ry land. Colter for Health Statistics. 
D^rtment of Health and Moital Hygiene Ft)lio 
201 West Preston Street 
Baltimore, Maryland 21201 






11 



Ill 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Table I^ge 

Hi^lic^ts of 1981 vital statistics ix 

Definitions and explanatory notes xxi 

Population 

1 Estimated Maryland Pcpulation hy Race, Region, and 
Political Subdivision, July 1, 1981, With 
Ccmparable 1980 Census Figures 3 

2A Estimated Maryland Total Population by Age Groip, 

Region, and Political Subdivision, July 1, 1981 4 

2B Estimated Maryland White Population by Age Group, 

Region, and Political Subdivision, July 1, 1981 5 

2C Estimated Maryland Population, All Other Races, by 
Age Group, Region, and Political Subdivision, 
July 1, 1981 6 

3 Estimated Maryland Male Population by Age Groip, 

Region, and Political Subdivision, July 1, 1981 7 

4 Estimated Maryland Fanale Population by Age Groip, 

Region, and Political Subdivision, July 1, 1981 8 

5 Estimated Maryland Population by Sex and Race and 

Detailed Age Groip, July 1, 1981 9 

Selected Vital Statistics, Maryland, 1940-1981 

6 Births and Birth Rates by Race, Maryland, 1940-1981 13 

7 Deaths and Death Rates by Race, Maryland, 1940-1981 13 

8 Infant Deaths and Infant Mortality Rates by Race, 

Maryland, 1940-1981 14 

9 Neonatal Deaths and Neonatal Mortality Rates by Race, 

Maryland, 1940-1981 14 

10 Postneonatal Deaths and Postneonatal Mortality Rates 

by Race, Maryland, 1940-1981 15 

11 Fetal Deaths and Fetal Death Rates by Race, Maryland, 

1940-1981 15 

12 Marriages by Resident Status and Type of Cerannony, 

Maryland, 1940-1981 16 

13 Absolute Divorces and Annulments by Legal Grounds for Decree, 

Maryland, 1940-1981 16 



IV 

TABLE OF CONTENTS 
(Continued) 

Table I^ge 

Births 

14 Births and Birth Rates by Race, Region, and Political 

Subdivision, 1981 29 

15 Births, Births of Low Birth Wei^t, and Percent of 

Births of Low Birth Wei^t, by Race, Region, and 

Political Subdivision, 1981 20 

16 Single and Plural Births by Birth Weight and Race^ 1981 21 

17 Births by Month of Birth, Race, and Sex, Maryland, 1981 21 

18A Births by Age of Mother, Race, Region, and Political 

Subdivision, 1981, All Races 22 

18B Births by Age of Mother, Race, Region, and Political 

Subdivision, 1981, White 23 

18C Births by Age of Mother, Race, Region, and Political 

Subdivision, 1981, All Other Races 24 

18D General Fertility Rates and Birth Rates by Age of 
Mother, Race, Region, and Political Subdivision, 
1981, All Races 25 

18E Goieral Fertility Rates and Birth Rates by Age of 
Mother, Race, Region, and Political Subdivision, 
1981, White 26 

18F Gaieral Fertility Rates and Birth Rates by Age of 
Mother, Race, Region, and Political Subdivision, 
1981, All Other Races 27 

19 Births by Birth Order, Age of Mother, and Race, 

Maryland, 1981 28 

20 Births by Live Birth Order by Region, and Political 

Subdivision, 1981 29 

21 Births to Umarried Wanen by Race, Region, and 

Political Subdivision, 1981 • 30 

22 Births to Umarried Wanen by Age of Mother and Race, 

Maryland, 1981 31 

23 Births to Unnnarried Wanen by Birth Order and Race, 

Maryland, 1981 31 

24 Births by Hospitalization, Type of Hospital, Attendant, 

Region, and Political Subdivision, 1981 32 



V 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 
(Continued) 

Table Page 

25 Births by Plurality, Age of Mother, and Race, 

Maryland, 1981 33 

26 Births by Plurality, Laigth of Pregnancy, and Race, 

Maryland, 1981 34 

27 Births by Birth Wei^t, Onset of Prenatal Care, 

and Race, Maryland, 1981 35 

28 Births by Place of Residence and Occurrence, Race, 

Region, and Political Subdivision, 1981 36 

29 Births to Residents of Maryland, and Births Occurring 

in Maryland, by Area of Residence and Area of 

Occurrence, 1981 37 

Deaths 

30 Deaths and Death Rates by Race, Region, and Political 

Si±)di vision, 1981 41 

31 Deaths by Month of Death and Race, Maryland, 1981 42 

32 Deaths and Death Rates by Age, Sex, and Race, 

Maryland, 1981 42 

33 Deaths and Death Rates for Twelve Leading Causes, 

by Sex and Race, Maryland, 1981 43 

34 The Eight Leading Causes of Male Deaths in Specified 

Age Groups, Maryland, 1981 44 

35 The Eight Leading Causes of Fonale Deaths in Specified 

Age Groips, Maryland, 1981 45 

36 Deaths fran 72 Selected Causes, by Age, Maryland, 1981 45 

37 Deaths fran 34 Selected Causes, by Region and Political 

Subdivision, 1981 51 

38 Death Rates for Seven Leading Causes, by Region and 

Political Subdivision, 1981 55 

39 Accidental Deaths by Type of Accident by Sex and Race, 

Maryland, 1981 56 

40 Deaths Occurring in Institutions by Race, Region, and 

Political Subdivision, 1981 57 

41 Deaths by Place of Residence and Occurrence, Race, Region, 

and Political Subdivision, 1981 58 



VI 

TABLE OF CONTENTS 
(Continued) 



Table I^ge 

42 Deaths to Residents of Maryland, and Deaths Ocxrurring 
in Maryland, by Area of Residence and Area of 
Occurrence, 1981 59 



Fetal and Infant Deaths 

43 Fetal Deaths and Fetal Death Rates by Race, Region, 

and Political Subdivision, 1981 63 

44 Infant Deaths and Infant Mortality Rates by Race, 

Region, and Political Siidi vision, 1981 64 

45 Neonatal Deaths, Neonatal Mortality Rates, and Perinatal 

Death Rates, by Race, Region, and Political 

Subdivision, 1981 65 

Marriages 

46 Marriages by Resident Status and Type of Ceranony, by 

Region and Political Subdivision of Occurrence, 1981 69 

47 Marriages by Age of Bride and Previous Marital Status, 

Maryland, 1981 70 

48 Marriages by Age of Groan and Previous Marital Status, 

Maryland, 1981 70 

49 Marriages by Age of Bride and Age of Grocm, Maryland, 1981 71 

50 Marriages by Previous Marital Status and Residence of 

Bride, Maryland, 1981 73 

51 Marriages by Previous Marital Status and Residence of 

Groan, Maryland, 1981 73 

52 Marriages by Previous Marital Status of Bride and Groan, 

by type of Ceremony, Mayrland, 1981 74 

53 Marriages by State of Residence of Bride and Groan, 

Maryland, 1981 74 

Divorces 

54 Absolute Di\rorces and Annulments by Legal Grounds for 

Decree, Region, and Political Subdivision of 

Occurrence, 1981 77 

55 Absolute Divorces and Annulmaits by Party to Whom Decree 

vgas Granted, Three Maryland Areas of Occurrence, 1981 78 

56 Absolute Divorces and Annulments by Place Where Marriage 

vas Performed, Three Maryland Areas of Occurrence, 1981 78 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 
(Continued) 

Table I^ge 

57 Absolute Divorces and Annulments by Age of Husband 

and Wife at Time of Decree, Maryland, 1981 79 

58 Absolute DivDrces and Annulments by Nunber of Children 

R^orted Under 18 Years of Age and Duration of 

Marriage, Maryland, 1981 80 

59 Absolute Divorces and Annulments by Number of Marriages 

of Husband and Number of Marriages of Wife, 

Maryland, 1981 80 

Ccmparative Vital Statistics 

60 Selected Natality Data by Race for Maryland and the 

United States, 1971-1981 83 

61 Selected Mortality Data by Race for Maryland and the 

United States, 1971-1981 85 



VI 1 



Vlll 



IX 



HIGHLIGHTS OF THE 1981 
VITAL STATISTICS IN MMQrLA^D 



XI 



Population 

Population in the State of Maryland has continued to increase. By July 1, 
1981, an estimated 4,255,400 people resided in the State. This represented 
an additional 38,425 people since the latest census count on April 1, 1980, 
an increase of almost one percent. 

Baltimore City, still Maryland's most populous subdivision, continued to 
decline in population. Since the latest census, this subdivision's 
population has decreased by 1.4 percent. This represents a drop of 10,675 
people since the 1980 census; the rate of decrease for the City, however, 
appears to be leveling off. Baltimore City's population can be expected to 
reacii a plateau by the end of this decade. Prince George's continues to be 
Maryland's most populous county with Baltimore County ranking second. 

Fran 1970 to 1980, Howard County had been Maryland's subdivision of greatest 
growth. Since April 1, 1980, however, Howard County has increased only 5.3 
percent, ranking it third throughout the State in percent increase. Calvert 
and Charles Counties have become the two subdivisions of most rapid increase. 
Since the latest census, Calvert County's growth rate was 6.7 percent and 
Charles County 6.1 percent. Greatest growth for these counties was experienced 
in the 18-to-64 year age group. Total growth of approximately 2,300 in Calvert 
County and 4,400 in Charles County have both contributed to an overall increase 
of 4.0 percent in Maryland's Southern Area, the area of Maryland which has 
grown most rapidly since the census. 

Overall, Maryland's greatest growth since 1980 has occurred in the very young 
age groip. A 6.7 percent increase in the l-to-4 year age category, and the 1.6 
percent increase in the under one year olds can be attributed to increases in 
the birth rate and the fertility rate throughout the State over the past three 
years. These increases are also consistent with nationwide statistics, where, 
for the first time since 1971, the births have again risen above 3.5 million. 
In contrast to this recent rise, the steep decline in the birth rate which 
occurred during the 1960 's and early 1970 's continues to affect the 5-to-17 
year age group. Since the 1980 count, this group has declined by more than 
23,000 or 2.6 percent, a factor readily reflected in the elementary school 
enrollments which declined during the 1970 's. With recent increases in the 
preschool population, these enrollments may be expected to increase in the near 
future. In the 18 years and older groups, several factors nationwide are 
consistent within the State of Maryland. The 18-to-44 year age group continues 
to increase as the postwar baby boom continues to affect the 35-to-44 year age 
group. The result in 1981 is a 2.1 percent increase since 1980. By contrast, 
the population in ages 45-to-54 is declining slightly as a result of the 
decline in births during the D^ression years. Those 65 years of age and 
older, nonetheless, continue to rise. The 2.6 percent increase in this age 
group demonstrates the higher life expectancies of present day. 

The substantial shift in the racial canposition of Maryland's population which 
occurred between the 1970 and 1980 censuses appears to be leveling off. 
Although nationwide, the black population is growing more rapidly than the 
v*iite population, this is not the case in Maryland. Since the 1980 census, the 
vi^ite population has increased by 1.0 percent vs^ile the all other races 
population, vy^ich in Maryland is primarily black, has grown 0.7 percent. 



Xll 



Births 

In 1981, resident live births totalled 61,584. This represented an increase 
of almost three percent from the total of 59,833 for 1980, and the highest 
number of births since 1972. The crude birth rate, 14.5 per 1,000 
population, was two percent higher than the rate of 14.2 recorded in 1980. 
The v*iite birth rate increased 1.6 percent from 12.8 to 13.0; while the rate 
for all other races rose 3.8 percent from 18.3 to 19.0 per 1,000 peculation. 

Births increased in all political subdivisions except Washington, Calvert, 
Cecil, Caroline, and Somerset counties. Birth rates increased for 19 of the 
24 political subdivisions. The highest birth rate, 18.3, occurred in Saint 
Mary's County, v^iile the lowest rate occurred in Queen Anne's County (11.9). 
In the Baltimore Metro Area, Baltimore City's rate of 16.1 was the highest, 
v\^ile Baltimore County's rate of 12.2 >as the lowest. 

The general fertility rate was 58.4 births per 1,000 vonen age 15-44, a 1.7 
percent increase from the 57.4 of 1980. Fertility rates increased less than 
one percent for white vonen, and 4.3 percent for women of all other races. 
Fertility rates were highest for Saint Mary's County (74.9) and lowest for 
Baltimore County (50.9). 

Between 1980 and 1981, age-specific birth rates increased for all age groips 
except the 15-19 and 45-49. Birth rates for v\onen age 15-19 were highest in 
Baltimore City (79.0) and lowest in Montgomery County (15.8). For wcmen age 
30-34, Montgomery County had the highest rate (84.9), and Saner set County 
the lowest (43.5). 

Birth Rates* by Age of Mother and Fertility Rates** 
1960, 1970, 1973, 1978, 1980, 1981 



Age of Mother 


1960 


1970 


1973 


1978 


1980 


1981 


15 - 19 


98.6 


68.6 


48.8 


41.3 


43.6 


40.7 


20 - 24 


254.8 


145.3 


92.9 


82.1 


91.7 


94.9 


25 - 29 


199.3 


132.7 


98.9 


93.0 


95.9 


102.1 


30 - 34 


114.5 


67.0 


50.9 


56.4 


58.9 


63.3 


35 - 39 


54.2 


28.6 


16.7 


16.8 


16.9 


18.4 


40 - 44 


15.0 


6.4 


3.7 


2.7 


2.5 


2.9 


45 - 49 


0.6 


0.4 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 



F-rtility Rate 118.5 81.3 57.3 54.1 57.4 58.4 

*Births per 1,000 Women in Specified Age Groip. 
**Births per 1,000 Wonen Aged 15-44. 

Birth Order 

The number of children born cilive to the mother is referred to as the birth order, 
Statistics on birth order are aids in understanding changes in fertility. The 
following table illustrates the changing pattern of birth order rates since 1971. 
Between 1980 and 1981 the birth rate increased for the first four birth orders. 



Xlll 



Birth Rates* by Live Birth Order 
1970-1981 





General 
Fertility 








Live Birth Order 
























8 and 


Year 


Rate 


1 
32.5 


2 

22.9 


3 

12.4 


4 

6.3 


5 
3.3 


6 

1.7 


7 
0.9 


over 


1970 


81.3 


1.3 


**1971 


76.7 


31.2 


22.4 


11.5 


5.7 


2.8 


1.5 


0.7 


1.0 


**1972 


68.4 


29.0 


20.8 


9.6 


4.5 


2.1 


1.1 


0.6 


0.7 


1973 


57.3 


25.6 


18.0 


7.6 


3.2 


1.4 


0.7 


0.3 


0.5 


1974 


55.6 


24.8 


18.0 


7.4 


2.9 


1.2 


0.5 


0.3 


0.3 


1975 


53.8 


24.0 


17.7 


7.3 


2.7 


1.1 


0.5 


0.2 


0.3 


1976 


53.1 


24.2 


17.6 


7.0 


2.5 


1.0 


0.4 


0.2 


0.2 


1977 


55.3 


25.4 


18.1 


7.6 


2.5 


0.9 


0.4 


0.2 


0.2 


1978 


54.1 


25.2 


17.6 


7.2 


2.4 


0.9 


0.4 


0.2 


0.2 


1979 


56.1 


26.2 


18.3 


7.5 


2.4 


0.9 


0.4 


0.2 


0.2 


1980 


57.4 


27.0 


17.8 


7.2 


2.3 


0.8 


0.3 


0.1 


0.2 


1981 


58.4 


27.6 


18.3 


7.4 


2.5 


0.9 


0.3 


0.1 


0.1 



*Rates are Live Births per 1,000 Wanen Aged 15-44. 
** Rates for 1971 and 1972 Canputed Using 1970 Census Pcpulation. 

Age of Mother at First Birth 

Between 1980 and 1981, birth rates for wcmen having their first child in- 
creased for all age groups between 15 and 39 except the group aged 15-19. 



Birth Rates by Age of Mother 
Maryland, 1970-1981 
First Birth Order 









Age of Mother 








15-19 


20-24 


25-29 


30-34 


35-39 


1970 


53.8 


70.3 


32.7 


7.2 


2.1 


1971 


52.0 


65.9 


32.9 


7.4 


2.0 


1972 


48.6 


56.0 


34.8 


8.2 


1.9 


1973 


39.5 


47.0 


32.4 


8.5 


1.8 


1974 


37.3 


44.0 


33.3 


8.8 


2.1 


1975 


35.2 


42.6 


32.3 


9.2 


1.9 


1976 


35.2 


41.6 


33.6 


10.3 


2.2 


1977 


35.6 


43.4 


35.9 


12.3 


2.5 


1978 


33.7 


43.7 


36.3 


13.2 


2.8 


1979 


35.8 


48.7 


37.8 


13.6 


3.8 


1980 


35.7 


50.5 


39.6 


14.7 


2.9 


1981 


32.9 


51.7 


42.8 


16.7 


3.2 



Changes in the age distribution for wanen having their first child is 
evidenced by the differences in rates ty age of mother between 1970 and 
1981. Between 1970 and 1981, rates for the 15-19 age group and the 20-24 
age group declined 38.8 and 26.5 percent respectively; v^ile the rates for 
the 25-29 groups increased 30.9%, for the 30-34 group 131.9%, and for the 
35-39, 52.4%. 



XIV 



Births to Unmarried Wonen 

Of the 61,584 resident births in 1981, 16,771 (27.2%) were estimated to be 
births to unmarried vonen. Thirteen percent of white births, and 56.4 
percent of births to v\onen of all other races were to unmarried women. 
Nationally, the percent of births to unwed mothers was 18.9 percent for all 
births, 11.6 percent for v\^ite births, 48.5 percent for all other races, and 
55.9 percent for black births. 

Hospitalization and Attendant at Births 

In 1981 as in 1980, 99.2 percent of all births occurred in hospitals. 
Ninety- nine percent of these births were attended by physicians. Of the 486 
births not occurring in a hospital, 31.1 percent were attended by a 
physician, 48.1 percent by a certified nurse midwife, and 20.8 percent 
by others. 

Birth Weight 

Birth weight data is used to determine the level of maturity of the newborn. 
In 1979, the definition of low birth weight in this report was changed to 
agree with that used by the National Center for Health Statistics. Infants 
weighing less than 2500 grams are designated as being of "low birth weight". 
The previous definition included the 2500 grams in the low birth weight 
category . 

In 1981, 7.7 percent of all live births were in the low birth weight 
category. Of all white births during 1981, 5.7 percent were of low birth 
weight. Of all other births, 11.6 percent were of low birth weight. 

Nationally, 6.8 percent of all live births, 5.7 percent of white births, and 
11.4 percent of all other births were of low birth weight. 

Length of Gestation 

In keeping with the National Center for Health Statistics' tabulations, as a 
result of the implenentation of the ninth revision of the International 
Classification of Diseases, the categories for gestational length were 
changed in 1979. Delivery prior to 37 weeks is classified as pre-term. In 
1981, 7.8 percent of white births and 16.1 percent of births of all other 
races occurred prior to 37 weeks. Births occurring at 42 weeks and over are 
classified as post- term. In 1981, 15.6 percent of all births were 
post- term. 

Prenatal Care 

During 1981, 79.7 percent of iVIaryland resident mothers reporting onset of 
prenatal care appeared for their first prenatal visit in the first 
trimester. The proportion with no prenatal care was less than one percent. 
In 1981, 84.8 percent of white mothers began prenatal care during the first 
trimester, compared to 69.0 percent of mothers of all other races. 
Nationally in 1981, 79.0 percent of white mothers and 61.6 percent of 
mothers of all other races began prenatal care during the first trimester of 
their pregnancies. I 



XV 



Deaths 

During 1981, there were 33,958 resident deaths, a decrease of less than one 
percent fran the 1980 total of 34,025. The crude death rate fell to 8.0 per 
1,000 population, a 1.2 percent decrease fran the rate of 8.1 in 1980. 

Age-adjusted rates which allow examination of death rates vAiile oontrolling 
the influence of changes in age distributions in the population showed 
dranatic declines between 1970 and 1981. The 1981 age-adjusted death rate 
was 6.0 per 1,000 population, and was 20 percent lower than the rate of 7.5 
per 1,000 occurring in 1970. 

Deaths by Cause 

In 1979, the ninth revision of the International Classification of Diseases 
>as first used for coding the underlying cause-of-death. The eighth 
revision had been in use between 1969 and 1978. Because of coding changes 
in certain categories of causes of death, oomparisons between the 1981 data 
and (feta earlier than 1979 should only be nade with reference to coding 
changes. The National Center for Health Statistics has published 
oomparability ratios for mortality data.* 



The leading causes of death in 1981 are listed below. 



Leading Causes of Death, Maryland, 1981 



Crude 

Death Rate 



Rank 



Cause 



1 Diseases of Heart 

2 Malignant Neoplasns 

3 Cerebrovascular Disease 

4 Accidents and Adverse Effects 

Motor Vehicle Accidents 
All Other Accidents 

5 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases 

6 Pneunonia and Influenza 

7 Diabetes Mellitus 

8 Suicide 

9 Certain Conditions Originating in the 

Perinatal Period 

10 Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis 

11 Homicide 



per 100,000 


Percent of 


Population 


Total Deaths 


300.4 


37.6 


190.4 


23.9 


53.4 


6.7 


33.6 


4.2 


18.9 


2.4 


14.7 


1.8 


22.6 


2.8 


17.2 


2.2 


14.4 


1.8 


11.5 


1.4 


10.7 


1.3 


10.4 


1.3 


10.3 


1.3 



♦"Estinates of Selected Comparability Ratios Based on Dual Coding of 1976 
Death Certificates by the Eighth and Ninth Revisions of the International 
Classification of Diseases," Monthly Vital Statistics Report, EHBW 
PiJDlication No. (PHS) 80-1120, Vol. 28, No. 11, Feb. 1980. 



XVI 



1981 
Rank 



5 
6 
7 
8 

10 
U 



Age-Adjusted* Death Rates** for Leading Causes*** of 
Death, Maryland 1980 and 1981 



Cause of Death 



All Causes 
Diseases of Heart 
Malignant Neoplasms 
Cerebrovascular Disease 
Accidents and Adverse Effects 

Motor Vdiicle Accidents 

All Other Accidents 
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases 
Pneunnonia and Influenza 
Diabetes Mellitus 
Suicide 

Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis 
Hanicide 







Percent 






Change 


1980 


1981 


1980-1981 


609.7 


595.3 


- 2.4 


216.0 


208.3 


- 3.6 


149.2 


151.3 


+ 1.4 


36.4 


34.2 


- 6.0 


33.3 


30.8 


- 7.5 


18.5 


18.2 


- 1.6 


14.7 


12.6 


-14.3 


15.7 


16.5 


+ 5.1 


11.4 


10.2 


-10.5 


12.4 


10.6 


-14.5 


10.9 


11.0 


+ .9 


10.7 


9.6 


-10.3 


10.0 


10.1 


+ 1.0 



*I^tes Adjusted to the U.S. 1940 Population by the Direct Method. 
**Per 100,000 Population. 
*** Age- Ad jus ted Rate Not Calculated for the Ninth Ranked Cause-of -Death, 
Certain Ccxiditions Originating in the Perinatal Period. 



Between 1980 and 1981, the first seven leading causes of death kept the same 
rankings. During this period, a drcp of 11% in the crude death rate for 
chronic liver diseases and cirrhosis moved it fran ei<^th to tenth place in the 
rankings. Suicide moved fran ninth to ei^th, but th crude death rate (11.5) 
remained the same in 1981 as in 1980. Certain conditions originating in the 
perinatal period changed fran tenth to ninth place, despite a decrease of 5 
percent in the crude death rate. 

Among the major causes of deaths, age-adjusted rates for diseases of the heart, 
cerebrovascular disease, accidents, poeanonia and influenza, diabetes mellitus 
and chronic liver disease and cirrhosis showed declines between 1980 and 1981. 
Rates for malignant neoplasms, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, suicide, 
and hanicide all showed increases. The largest increase occurred in chronic 
obstructive pulmonary diseases (+5.1%), while the greatest decrease occurred in 
cerebrovasular disease (-6.0%). 

Ihe age-adjusted rate for diseases of the heart, the leading cause of death 
decreased 2.4 percent between 1980 and 1981. Itie 1970 rate of 284.1 was 26.7 
percent higher than the 1981 rate of 208.3. 

The second leading cause of death, malignant neoplasms, accounted for 23.9 
percent of the total deaths in 1981. Between 1980 and 1981, age-adjusted rates 
for malignant necplasms of the digestive organs and breast cancer increased, 
while rates for malignant necplasms of the respiratory and intrathoracic organs 
and leukemia decreased. 



XVI 1 



Age-Adjusted* Death Rates** for Selected Types of 
Malignant Neoplasms^ Maryland, 1970, 1980, 1981 

Cause of Death 1970 1980 1981 



36.4 


42.9 


42.7 


13.0 


13.4 


14.4 


6.2 


5.4 


4.9 



Total Malignant Neoplasms 148.0 149.2 151.3 

tfelignant Neoplaans of Digestive Organs 

and Peritoneum 39.0 36.4 37.7 

Malignant Neoplasms of Respiratory 

and Intrathoracic Organs 
Malignant Neoplasms of Breast 
Leukemia 

*Rates Adjusted to the U.S. 1940 Peculation by the Direct Method. 
**Per 100,000 Population. 

Cerebrovascular disease accounted for 6.7 percent of all deaths in 1981. 
Betweai 1980 and 1981, the age-adjusted rate declined six percoit. Betweai 
1970 and 1981 the age-adjusted rate fell 37 percoit. 

In 1981, 1,431 residents died as a result of accidents. The age-adjusted death 
rate for motor vehicle accidents decreased by 1.6 percent, while the rate for 
all other accidents fell 14.3%. 

Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, the fifth leading cause of death in 
1981, accounted for 2.8 percent of all deaths. The age-adjusted rate increased 
five percent between 1980 and 1981. 

Pneimonia and influenza accounted for 2.2 percent of all deaths in 1981. 
Age-adjusted death rates for penunonia and influenza decreased 10.2 percent 
between 1980 and 1981. 

During 1981, 444 residents died of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis. "Hie 
age-adjusted rate declined to 9.6 per 100,000 population, a 10.3 percent 
decline from the rate of 10.7 occurring in 1981. 

Suicide ranked as the ei^th leading cause of death in 1981. The age-adjusted 
death rate increased less than one percent between 1980 and 1981. 

Certain conditions origirating in the periratal period ranked as the ninth 
leading cause of death in 1981. The crude death rate fell from 11.3 per 
100,000 in 1980 to 10.7 in 1981, a 5.3 percent decrease. This vas reflected in 
a large decrease in the infant mortality rate. 

Homicide was again the eleventh leading cause of death for the total 
population. The age-adjusted rate showed an increase of one percent. 



XVI 11 

Deaths by Age^ Race and Sex 



6. 


.1 


8. 


.0 


4. 


.6 


5. 


.7 


7. 


.5 


4. 


.3 


7. 


,6 


10. 


.1 


5. 


.7 



6. 


.0 


7. 


.8 


4. 


.5 


5, 


.5 


7. 


.3 


4. 


.2 


7. 


.6 


9. 


.9 


5. 


.7 



-1.6 
-2.5 
-2.2 

-3.5 
-2.7 
-2.3 



Age-Adjusted* Death Rates** by Race and Sex, 
Maryland 1980 and 1981 

1980 1981 % Change 

All Races 
Male 
Fanale 

White 
Male 
Female 

All Other Races 

Male 10.1 9.9 -2.0 

Fonale 

♦Rates Adjusted to the 1940 Total U.S. Pcpulation by the Direct Method. 
**Per 1,000 Population. 

Age-adjusted death rates for nales vhs 73 percent higher than that of fen[ales, 
Rates for all other races were 38 percent hic^er for both nales and fonales. 
Between 1980 and 1981, age-adjusted rates decreased for all groups exc^t 
females of all other races v\*iich stayed the same. 



Death Rates* by Age, Maryland 1980 and 1981 





1980 


1981 


% Change 


All Ages 


805.6 


798.0 


- .9 


Under 1 


1433.9 


1325.8 


- 7.5 


1-4 


50.0 


55.2 


+10.4 


5-14 


24.9 


23.1 


- 7.2 


15 - 24 


107.9 


101.3 


- 6.1 


25 - 34 


132.6 


129.1 


- 2.6 


35 - 44 


208.1 


214.4 


+ 3.0 


45 - 54 


592.5 


587.5 


- 0.8 


55 - 64 


1444.3 


1425.6 


- 1.3 


65 - 74 


3258.3 


3289.7 


+ 1.0 


75 - 84 


7060.6 


6643.2 


- 5.9 


85+ 


16015.9 


14578.5 


- 9.0 



♦Rates per 100,000 Population. 

Between 1980 and 1981, age-specific death rates declined for all age groups 
except those 1-4, 35-44, and 65-74. 

Infant Deaths 

The infant mortality rate in 1981 was 12.8 deaths under one year per 1,000 live 
births, a 9.2 percent decrease fran the rate of 14.1 of 1980, and the lowest 
rate on record in Maryland. For the viAiite population, the rate dropped to 



XIX 



10.6. For all other races, the rate declined to 17.3. For both groips these 
represented the lowest rates on record for Maryland residents. 

Neonatal mortality rates likewise dropped to their Icwest values ever recorded 
for all races (9.4), vAiite (7.8) and all other races (12.6). 

Maternal Deaths 

There were 4 maternal deaths during 1981. In 1980 3 deaths due to 
oomplications of pregnancy, child birth and the puerperiun occurred. 



Marriages 

Trend 

There were 47,128 rtarriages performed in the State of Maryland in 1981, an 
increase of 1.8 percent over the 46,278 v^iich occurred in 1980. This was well 
above the national increase of one percent for the same year. 

Resident Status 

Marriages in v*iich one or both partners were residents of the State represented 
79.5 percent of the total number performed in Maryland. The remaining 20.5 
percent, or 9,647, of the ceremonies involved ooi$)les v*io were both 
non-residents of Maryland. For these non-resident marriages, 64.7 percent 
occurred in either Cecil, Montgcmery, Prince George's, or Washington Counties. 

Civil and Religious Cerenonies 

In 1981, 36.3 percent of all marriages performed in Maryland were civil 
(non- religious) cerenonies. For the entire State, Prince George's County 
performed more civil ceremonies than any other political subdivision. The 
2,747 civil ceremonies performed in this county accounted for 16.1 percent of 
all such ceremonies in the State. When the number of civil vs. religious 
ceremonies within a particular subdivision was examined, Cecil County ranked 
the hi^est and Dorchester County the Icwest. The 2,329 civil ceremonies 
performed in Cecil County comprised 62.7 percent of all the marriages in that 
county v*iile the 23 performed in Dorchester County only represented 9.5 percent 
there. 

Marriages by Previous Marital Status and Age 

In 1981, 53.8 percent of all irarriages were first- time marriages for both the 
bride and groan. On an individual basis, though, 66.6 percent of the brides 
and 64.6 percent of the grooms were marrying for the first time. 

In terms of age, the 25-29 year age groip vsas the modal age group for both 
brides and groans in all marriages. For those marrying the first time, 25.0 
percent of the brides and 10.1 percent of the groans were less than 20 years of 
age; 96.1 percent of the brides and 93.4 percent of the groans were under 35 
years of age. For those who were renarrying, 8.0 percent of the brides and 
13.1 percent of the grooms were 55 years of age or older. 



XX 



Divorces 

The tx)tal number of divorces and annulments granted in the State of Maryland in 
1981 was 17,150. This represented a decrease of tvro percent, an inconsistency 
with national statistics vAiich showed divorces rising for the nineteenth 
consecutive year. 

The leading grounds for all divorces and annulments vas voluntary separation. 
Voluntary separation accounted for 72.2 percent of all divorces and annulments 
while three year separations and desertion accounted for 15.7 and 5.9 percent 
respectively. 

The number of children under 18 years of age involved- in divorce, has, unlike 
national statistics, declined in Maryland. In 1981, 45.9 percent of the 
di\ADrces for which infomation on children vas available reported no children. 
This was an increase of 1.5 percent over the 1980 figure. In addition, only 
29.9 percent had one diild under 18 years of age v*iile 24.8 percent reported 
two or more children. Both figures represented declines over the 1980 figures. 
In all, more than 14,478 children under 18 years of age were involved in broken 
hemes during 1981. 



f 



XXI 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATORY NOTES 

The data contained in this report are presented on a residence basis, 
regardless of vAiere the vital event occurred, unless specifically noted 
otherwise. Information on itarriages and divorces is limited only to events 
occurring in Maryland. 

I. DEFINITIONS 

The definitions of sane of the more frequently used terms in this report 
are as follows: 

A. Live Birth ; The complete expulsion or extraction form its mother 
of a product of hunnan conception, irrespective of the period of 
gestation, which, after such separation, breathes or shows any other 
evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the 
umbilical cord or definite movonent of voluntary muscle, vAiether or 
not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached. 

B. Fetal Death ; Death prior to the oomplete expulsion or extraction 
fron its mother of a product of hunan conception, irrespective of 
the duration of pregnancy; the death is indicated by the fact that 
after such separation, the fetus does not breathe or show any other 
evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the 
imbilical cord or definite movanent of voluntary muscles. 

C. Infant Death ; Death occurring to a person under age one. 

D. Neonatal Death : Death occurring to a person under 28 days of age. 

E. Perinatal Deaths : Death occurring after 20 weeks of gestation but 
before 28 days after birth. The perinatal deaths included in this 
report are, therefore, the sun of the reportable fetal deaths (fetal 
deaths after 20 weeks gestation) and the neonatal deaths, 

F. ICM-weight Birth ; A live birth weiring 2,500 grams (5 1/2 
pounds) or less. 

G. Length of Pregnancy ; A measure of the duration of gestation in 
oonpleted weeks, as calculated from the first day of the last normal 
menstrual period to the cfete of birth. 

H. Birth Rate ; Nimber of live births per 1,000 population. 

I. Death Rate ; Number of deaths fron all causes per 1,000 popu- 
lation. Death rates for specific causes are per 100,000 
population. 

J. Infant Mortality Rate ; Nimber of infant deaths per 1,000 live 
births. 

K. Fetal Mortality Rate ; Nunber of reportable fetal deaths per 
1,000 total births. Total births include live births plus 
fetal deaths of twenty weeks gestation or more. 

L. Neonatal Mortality Rate : Nimber of neonatal deaths per 1,000 
live births. 



XXI 1 

M. Perinatal Mortality Rate ; Number of perinatal deaths per 1,000 
total births. Total births include live births plus fetal deaths 
of twenty weeks gestation or more. 

N. Age-adjusted Death Rate ; The age-adjusted rates were oanputed 
by the direct method. The age-specific death rates for a given 
cause of death were applied to the standard U.S. population of 1940, 
Ihe rates were based on 5 year age groips. Age-adjusted rates 
^ould not be ocmpared directly with crude death rates. 

0. Maternal Mortality I^te ; Nimber of maternal deaths per 100,000 
live births. 

The definition of terms A and B are set by law in Section 14 (a) of Article 
43 of the Maryland Code, 1957 Edition - Supplonent. However, fetal deaths 
are reportable for filing purposes only if the death occurs after a 
gestation period of twenty oampleted weeks or more (Section 21 (a) of 
Article 43 si5)ra ) . Therefore, the fetal deaths included in this report 
cover only those of twenty or more weeks of gestation. 



II. EXPLANATORY NOTE ON POPULATION ESTIMATION 

The population estimate for the entire State of Maryland for Jioly 1, 1981, 
used in this report corresponds with that published hy the U.S. Bureau of 
the Ceisus in Current Population Reports, Series P-25, No. 699. 

The subdivision estimates for July 1, 1981, in this report were prepared 
jointly hy the Center for Health Statistics, Maryland State D^nrtment of 
Health and Maital Hygiene and the U.S. Bureau of the Census. These 
subdivision estimates for 1981 are oanputed as an average of the following 
methods. 

(1) The Regression (Ratio- correlation) method. In the Regression 
method a multiple regression eqv:ation is used to relate changes 
in a nunber of different data series to change in population 
distribution. The series of data used in the Regression method 
for Maryland are; two-year average of resident births (X-,), 
elementary school enrollment in grades 1 through 8 plus 
elementary special and elenentary ungraded (X2), autcmobile 
registrations (X^), and individual State inocme tax returns (X,). 
The regression equation for the 1980 's is given by 

^ 

Y = 0.124 + 0.155Xj^ + 0.227X2 
+ 0.179X3 + 0.324X^ 

(2) The Administrative Records method. This is a component method that 
uses Federal tax data to measure the net intercounty migration of 
the nongroip quarters population under 65 years old, reported resi- 
dent birth and death statistics to estimate net ratural change, and 
dsita. on Medicare enrollees to estimate the population 65 years old 
and over. Tax data are used in the base year and the estimate year 
to determine the nunber of persons v*iose oounty of residence ciianged 



XXlll 



during the period. A net migration rate based on exemptions 
claimed by the matched cases is applied to the nongroip quarters 
population under 65 years old. Tliese estimates of migration are 
then ccmbined with the independent estimates of the population 
65 years old and over, inmates of institutions, college students 
in dormitories, military personnel living in barracks, and the 
other ocmponents of population change (births, deaths, inmigra- 
tion fran abroad, and net movement between the military and 
civilian population) to yield an overall estimate of the total 
population. 

(3) State Incone Tax Return method. The son of persons filing indi- 
vidual Maryland Resident inccme tax returns plus their spouses are 
used to estimate the total population 18 years old and over. These 
estimates, for each subdivision, are then combined with independent 
estimates of the popiilation under 18 years old to yield estimates of 
the total population. 

The peculation under 5 years, 5-17 years, and 65 years of age by race and 
sex is estimated by the Center for Health Statistics as follows: 

The population 5-17 years of age is estimated on the basis of migration 
rates calculated fran school enrollment data, (by age, race, and grade) 
supplied by the Maryland State Department of Education and applied to 
the "expected" population 5-17 years of age on July 1, 1981. The 
"expected" population consists of 1980 census survivors and survivDrs 
of births occurring between the date of the census and the estimate 
(fete. Race breakdowns are based on changes in public school enrollment 
of all other races as a proportion of all enrollment since the 1980 
census. 

The population under 5 years of age is estimated by race on the basis of 
adjusted net migration rates for the school age population applied to 
the "expected" population under 5 years of age on July 1, 1981. The 
"expected" population consists of 1980 census survivors and survivors 
of births occurring between the cfete of the census and the estimate 
(fete (including corrections for "migration exposure"). 

The population 65 years of age and over is estimated on the basis of 
(feta on Medicare airollments by race and sex supplied by the Social 
Security Adtiinistration, U.S. D^artment of Health, EkJucation and 
Welfare. The (feta are adjusted by the ratio between Metiicare enroll- 
ments estimated for April 1, 1980, and 1980 census populations in the 
age groip 65 and over. 

The Center for Health Statistics estimates the population 18-44 and 45-64 as 
well more (detailed age groips in each subdivision by race as follows: 

Age and race-specific (Jriver license statistics for males obtained frcm 
the Maryland Department of Motor Vdiicles are used to estimate the nale 
population aged 18 to 64 years in several stages: 18 to 24, 25 to 34, 
etc. Sex ratios, based on the 1980 census, are used to estimate the 
female population. These estimates of the 18-64 population are then 
adjusted so that the sum of all age groups in each subdivision equals 
the population estimate for the subdivision. Various adjustments for 
changes among "special" groups of persons, i.e., those in institutions, 
in the armed forces, or spouses of manbers of the armed forces, are 
utilized in estimating the various age groups before adjustments are 
ma(3e to the final subdivision estinate. 



XXIV 



POPUIATION 



TARTiR 1. 


ESTIMATED MARYLAND POPUIATION BY RACE, REGION, 




AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISION, JUL^ 


' 1. 1981, WITH CUMPARARr.R 1980 


CENSUS FIGURES 


Region and 
Political Subdivision 


ESTIMATED POPULATION, 


JULY 1, 1981 


Census 
(April 1 
1980) 


Total 


White 


All Other Races 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Maryland State 


4,255,400 


3,190,340 


75.0 


1,065,060 


25.0 


4,216,975 


Northwest Area 


340,570 


326,440 


95.8 


14,130 


4.2 


334,924 


Garrett 


27,380 


27,240 


99.5 


140 


0.5 


26,498 


Allegany 


80,230 


78,750 


98.2 


1,480 


1.8 


80,548 


Washington 


112,560 


107,320 


95.3 


5,240 


4.7 


113,086 


Frederick 


120,400 


113,130 


94.0 


7,270 


6.0 


114,792 


Baltimore Metro Area 


2,182,420 


1,593,290 


73.0 


589,130 


27.0 


2,174,023 


Baltimore City 


776,100 


338,590 


43.6 


437,510 


56.4 


786,775 


Baltimore County 


658,390 


591,900 


89.9 


66,490 


10.1 


655,615 


Anne Arundel 


376,200 


326,770 


86.9 


49,430 


13.1 


370,775 


Carroll 


100,270 


96,630 


96.4 


3,640 


3.6 


96,356 


Howard 


124,890 


107,010 


85.7 


17,880 


14.3 


118,572 


Harford 


146,570 


132,390 


90.3 


14,180 


9.7 


145,930 


National Capital Area 


1,257,620 


891,000 


70.9 


366,620 


29.1 


1,244,124 


Montgomery 


590,530 


505,150 


85.5 


85,380 


14.5 


579,053 


Prince George's 


667,090 


385,850 


57.8 


281,240 


42.2 


665,071 


Southern Area 


173,980 


138,840 


79.8 


35,140 


20.2 


167,284 


Cal vert 


36,950 


28,740 


77.8 


8,210 


22.2 


34,638 


Charles 


77,200 


60,600 


78.5 


16,600 


21.5 


72,751 


Saint Mary's 


59,830 


49,500 


82.7 


10,330 


17.3 


59,895 


Eastern Shore Area 


300,810 


240,770 


80.0 


60,040 


20.0 


296,620 


Cecil 


61,200 


57,670 


94.2 


3,530 


5.8 


60,430 


Kent 


16,930 


13,070 


77.2 


3,860 


22.8 


16,695 


Queen Anne's 


26,760 


22,460 


83.9 


4,300 


16.1 


25,508 


Caroline 


23,340 


19,330 


82.8 


4,010 


17.2 


23,143 


I^bot 


26,780 


21,070 


78.7 


5,710 


21.3 


25,604 


Dorchester 


30,400 


21,260 


69.9 


9,140 


30.1 


30,623 


Wiconico 


64,890 


50,240 


77.4 


14,650 


22.6 


64,540 


Sanerset 


19,030 


12,460 


65.5 


6,570 


34.5 


19,188 


Vtorcester 


31,480 


23,210 


73.7 


8,270 


26.3 


30,889 









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o 


CJN 


in 


M 


1 


VD 


•«r 


0> rH 


r-\ CN 


^ en \^ \D ^ t-^ 


CN 


in ro rH 


in in 


ro 


VD 


in VD ^ ^ ^ 


ro 


CJN 


o 


VD 


r> 




1 


^ 


^ 


<N r^ 


r-i ro 


m 00 CN o o '^ 




^ ^ ^ 

'3" rH ro 


CN '^r 


o 


^ 

r^ 


ON r-^rH CN CN 


CN 


CN 


VD 


^ 


rvj 




in 


^ 
^ 


ro 




f-i >-i 


CN r^ VD ^ rH rH 
CM 


r-i 


ro VD r~ 


CN 


.H 




CN 
















o 


o 


o o 


o o 


o o o o o o 


o 


o o o 


o o 


O 


o 


o o o o o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


o 




-^r 


s 


'T 


o o 


00 VD 


CN r^ VD 00 ro rH 


r-» 


in 00 r* 


^A 


00 


in 


^ ro VD VD ro 


ro 


^ 


o 


r~« 


CN 




1 


cr> 


00 r^ 


r~ VD 


'^ VD rH r^ ^ ^ 


ON 


VD o in 


in 


ro 


r- 00 ro VD VD 


VD 


r- 




'i' 


r» 




1 


VO 


00 


iH 


CN CO 


C3N CN VD O CN rO 


ro 


^ in ON 


VD f-{ 


CN 


CN 


r^rH 






iH 








rH 


d 








in CN rH rH 




en f-i r-i 






















•-i 


o 


o 


O O 


o o 


o o o o o o 


o 


o o o 


O O 


o 


o 


o o o o o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


o 






m 


^ 


<y\ f-i 


r-\ CO 


in VD 'a- VD P^ 00 


"* 


in 00 r^ 


rj< O 


f-i 


ro 


in ro o 00 r^ 


VD 


o 


VD 


^ 


•-{ 




& 


CO 


ro iH in 


r^ <T» 


** rH ON r^ VD 00 


o 


o r^ CN 


^ ro 


VD 


in 


O -^ r-i r-i r-i 


r-{ 


CN 


rr 


f-{ 


CN 




^ 


^ 






k k k k 


^ 


^ w ^ 


^ 






^ 














13 


o 


<N 






in VD ro CM 


iH 


ON ro in 


r-i 






CN 














B 


ro 








iH 
























0) 


o 


o 


o o 


o o 


o o o o o o 


o 


o o o 


O O 


O 


o 


o o o o o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


O 


Si. 


in 


o 


O CM 


CN VD 


^ ro ^ op ro rH 
r^ 00 r* o CN ro 


in 


in o in 


CN ,-{ 


'sr 


r^ 


"<1' VD O ON 00 


in 


^ 


t-H 


;^ 


O 


5' 


VD 


nH 


in r^ 


ON <yi 


in 


CN ro ON 


CN ^ 


in 


CN 


ro VD rH rH CN 


VD 


^ 


r- 


CN 


< 




^ 


^ ^ 


k ^ 


^ ^ ^ ^ w ^ 


^ 


^ ^ ^ 


w fc 


w 


^ 


^ ^ k « ^ 




^ 


w 


w 


^ 




CM 


VD 


ro r^ 


in 00 


^ CN VD O ON CN 


ro 


ON ^ 'i' 


r^ 00 


00 


o 


in o 00 ro rH 

^ ro rH r-i 


CN 


^ 


o 


ON 


in 


•H 


<D 


VD 


.H CO 


in in 


in VD rH ON ■«* VD 


r^ 


O 00 CN 


00 rH 


ro 


ro 


f-\ 


r-{ 


ro 




i-i 


:^ 


o 


H 






O CO CO rH 




VD CN ro 








H 












1 














1 

^ (0 








t 














^ 


S 




c 




4-5 U 

•H f>i Q 


L 




CO 


3 « 

0) 0) 




CO 








g'" 


CO 


a 


^& 


b^-rl 


OJ 0) <u g 
Q 5 H rH 

Q) B B < r-iti 


13 


m 


s 


I 


1 Is 




8 


tj 


u 


•d.'-' 




4J 


■M BJ. 


•H <U 


u 


u Q) 


u 




CO -H 


-p 


Si 


•d 


CO 


S 


|Q 


'S 




0) Oi 


M -H -H M 





i-H CP O 


|8 


r-{ 


+J 


r-i , C •-{ 


5 


s: 


^ 


irf 


fl? 


V4 




Q 4J +J 0) M S 


UH 






c 


C -H +J 0) o 


o 


3 


0^ 


o 


•H 


'I 


5 


5^ 


1 3 3 1 <^ 1 


^ 


6 


1 


-M u &< ao 


3 


^ 




2 


1 








5 




4J 


& 






CO 















1 




o 


o o o o o 

O rH -^ CN ro 
iH 00 r^ CN ro 


o o o o o o o 

in VD ^ <T> ro '^ <Ti 

o 00 CN ** t^ cy> r^ 


o o o 

(^ ^ CN 

<r> <T> o 


o O o O 
r-> cy» r^ rH 
5^ VO ^ ro 


o o 
ro ^ 

r-i CN 


oooooooo 

0\^r-ia\^lDO\r-i 

^vooovoooa^r-vo 




'i' rH r^ 00 vr> 

CN 


t^ CN n in in CO in 

m VD ^ iH 


in CN m 
in m CN 


VO iH CN CN 


rOrOrHrHrHCNCN'i'rHCN 
CN 




1 
ID 


o 

s 


o o o o o 
CN vD in vD in 
r^ r-» ro ^ rH 


o o o o o o o 
(^ vD rH o cr> o o 
o ** rH o ^ in in 


o o o 

O ** VD 

00 CN in 


o o o o 
CN CN r- ro 
VO ^ r- ""3" 


o o 

'ij' CN 
00 00 


oooooooo 
CNinocTv'^roocyv 
oovorovocNrop- 




VD CN O CN rH 
rO rH rH H 


CN Tl< 00 VO (T^ o ro 

ro 00 r* n f-i r-{ 

CN 


CN in r» 
CN vo in 
r-i 


ro ro in Tj< 
f-i 


ro in 
ro 


CNrocNroror^CNro 




1 

00 


o 

r-i 

cy> 
ro 


o o o o o 
<y> ro CN m rH 
00 ^ ^ o o 


o o o o o o o 
cTi in CN in rH CN '^r 
in m ^ r^ vD i^ r- 


o o o 
cr> o (Ti 

rH 00 ro 


o o o o 

O CN t^ rH 

o cy> in in 


o o 

"s* CN 
•^ CN 


oooooooo 
cr>r»<T(int^inr*ro 
roininrHt^cTiincN 


i 


<y> in in CN r^ 

^ rH CN <N 


CN rH rH m CN O CN 

r- vD '^ 00 CN ro CO 

"«* rH rH 


00 o r- 
CT> ro vo 

CN rH rH 


00 r^ r^ CN 

ro r-i r-i 


O CN 
VO r-i 


roin'^ininrorovo 

r-i 


^TION BY AGE ( 
rULY 1, 1981 


rH 

in 


o 
in 

CM 
(N 


o o o o o 

<^ CN (^ r- rH 

o o^ cTi vD in 


o o o o o o o 
00 tt in v^ m ** vo 
in a> vo CN CN ro rH 


o o o 

O CN 00 

CO rH rH 


o o o o 

00 in rH CN 
in rH 00 VO 


o o 
ro CN 
r- tH 


oooooooo 

VOCNCNOOOCNOCN 

'a'';rrorHr^or^r- 


n CN VO O CN 

m rH rH 


^ ^D <T> 00 O ro VD 
rH r*- in rO rH rH rH 
CN 


(TN <T> O 

CN in r^ 

rH 


rH -^ <yi r^ 

CN 


00 r^ 

CN 


rHCNCNCNCNVOrHCN 


^TED MARYLAND FEMALE POPUI/ 
© POLITICAL SUBDIVISION, C 


1 

rH 


o 

rH 

m 


o o o o o 
vD in 00 00 in 
■«* r^ in in in 


o o o o o o o 
m r^ t^ 00 CN in ^ 
^ v£> ro CTN ro CN 00 


o o o 

rH (T> CN 

ro ^ 00 


o o o o 
o> cr> in in 

VO O ^ rH 


o o 
CN in 


oooooooo 
i^r~r^vocN<y>^in 
rovoininr-in'3'r- 

r-i 


iH 

:1 


00 rH CN CO 


vD rH in <y» CN ro n 

in CN rH 


ro ^ 00 

ro rH rH 


in rH CN CN 


r^ rH 


rH 

1 
1 


o 
m 

CM 


o o o o o 

'S* rH VO 00 Ol 
CN CN 'T V£> 00 

CN 


o o o o o o o 
r^ cy> vo ^ vD CO cn 

<T> (T> 00 VO VD 00 <y> 

•> ^ ^ •> 

<!»< in n CN 

rH 


8,810 
3,640 
5,170 


o o o o 
o r^ o> ^ 
^ CN in in 


oooooooooo 
rHcTior^-r^vooo^cNoo 

<y\Cnr-ir-ir-ir-ir-i^r-ir-i 
rH 


Eh 


f-{ 


O 

in 

CN 

C5^ 

rH 
CN 


o o o o o 

r- 00 rH •«* ^ 

^ 00 in vD -«* 


o o o o o o o 

00 t^ in CN 'i' 00 CN 
VO CN VO rH o in o 


o o o 
r^ ro ^ 

ro CN rH 


o o o o 
VO ^ VO VO 
r^ in VO in 


o o 
^ in 


oooooooo 
ror^vorovDOOCNOO 

00inOrH<3>rH<y>CN 


• 


•^ m CN VP rH 

r- rH •«' in vD 


r^ ro rH v£> rH <N ro 
CN rH 'J" 00 in VD t^ 

r-{ rr r^ r-i 
rH 


00 VO CN 
Tj< o ^ 
VO ro ro 


VO 00 00 <ri 

00 rH ro CN 


in o 
in ro 

r-i 


oorocN^in'«*<T>vo 

iH rH rH rH ro r-i 




Region eind 
Political Subdivision 


5 

CO 

'S 

rH 


Northwest Area 
Garrett 
Al 1 egany 
Washington 
Frederick 


Baltimore Metro Area 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore County 
Anne Arundel 
Carroll 
Howard 
Harford 


National Capital Area 
Montgonery 
Prince George's 


Southern Area 
Calvert 
Charles 
Saint Mary's 


Eastern Shore Area 
Cecil 


Kent 

Queen Anne's 

Caroline 

T^bot 

Dorchester 

Wicxmicx) 

Sonerset 

Worcester 







All Other 
Races 


O 
ID 

in 

IT) 


o o o o o o 
CO m m CO rH CN 
in o ro o r- vD 


o o o o 
r- in o 00 
cr> vD in in 


o o o o 
rH •^ vo ** 
cr> <y> fN o 


o o o o o 
in in 00 o CM 
VD o o> ro ro 




<T> vo CN in '^ in 
ro ^ in vx> in 


CN cy> 00 o 
in 'd* ro ro 


in CN o vr> 

CN CM CM rH 


CN o v£) ^ ro 




•H 


o 
o 
m 

in 
ro 

VD 

•> 
<-^ 


o o o o o o 
in 00 CM ro vD rH 
r- CM CM <y» ro CM 


o o o o 
<y> <y> o r^ 

00 CM 00 CM 


o o o o 
v£> o vo r^ 
o <ri r-» rH 


o o o o o 

O CN VD rM rH 

^ 0> VD rH ro 




C3> in CM iH O iH 

iH r^ CTs rM in •«!i' 

rH rH rH 


in rH ro o 
ro ro rH (y> 

,-{ f-\ r-i 


in rH VD o 

00 o^ o> 00 


^ CN O 00 ro 
VO in ^ CM CM 


I 


^ 


All Other 
Races 


o 

o 
in 


o o o o o o 
r*- r^ CM t^ <Ti 00 
r~« i^ r* iH ro o 


o o o o 
<Tv in <T> r*» 

rH O O 'd' 


o o o o 
CN P^ in CN 
ro in ^ VD 


o o o o o 
r^ m rH o CM 
rH CN vo ^ in 


CO 00 


<T> *^ ro vD in (Ti 
ro <* in *^ 'i' 


^ rH ro r^ 
Ti< ^ ro CM 


ro o r~ ro 

CN CM rH rH 


O r^ ^ CM rH 


M >H 


•H 


o 
'^ 

o 

in 
in 
in 


o o o o o o 
vD <T> r- 00 in r^ 
in o ^3" o^ <T> iH 


o o o o 
vo in ro vo 
^ o\ a\ o^ 


O O O O 

ro 00 r- o 
v^ vo in o> 


o o o o o 
o ro ^ 00 o^ 
ro r-» in r-> ro 


) POPUIA'] 
OUP, JUI 




O O VO r^ VD CM 
CN 00 <T> CM in Tf 

fH nH rH 


in o^ o o> 

ro CM rH 00 

.-i r^ ,-i 


ro 00 vp rH 
00 00 00 r^ 


CM vD ro CN 00 
in ro CN rH 


5. ESTIMATED MARYLANE 
AND DKI'An.RD AGE Gl 


0) 


o 
in 

CN 
CM 


o o o o o o 

ro iH in vo r- ro 
ro ro in <Ti o 00 


o o o o 
vD «* o in 
00 o> ro 00 


o o o o 

r- ^ CM rH 

cy« 00 o CN 


o o o o o 
in r- ** CN ro 

O <y> VD '^ VD 


cr» iH ■^ vo in vD 

CM rH ro P^ iH <T> 
rH rH iH CM iH 


00 O CM O 

00 00 in CM 

r-i t-i t-\ t-{ 


o rr r- vD 

rH rH rH <T< 
r-\ r-i r-i 


r^ CM r^ CN vD 
r^ vo 'ij' ro CM 


(D 

i 


O 

in 

CM 
CVJ 


O O O O O O 

ro (^ <y» in ^ in 
ro 00 rH rH ro CM 


o o o o 
in o CN ro 
^o o o ^ 


o o o o 
in in CM CM 

CTN CN o in 


o o o o o 
r- 00 in 00 rH 

^ a\ f-i f-^ a\ 


i 


O VO O '^ CM rH 
ro rH '^ 00 CM <T» 

r-i ,-i r-{ C>i r-{ 


(y> rH '^ P* 

r^ r* '^ rH 

rH rH rH rH 


vo <y> 'i* in 

O O O 00 

,-i ,-i r-i 


CM ro 00 in o^ 

V£> ->!J« CM rH 




'rt 
i 


o 
o 

in 
in 

CM 


o o o o o o 

VD r^ •^ rH rH 00 
V£> rH r^ r-i ■** O 


o o o o 

rH 'sr CN 00 

in o^ ro CM 


o o o o 
CN cTi '* ro 
<y> o o r- 


O O O O O 
CN in CT» O 'i* 

in cr> r-» vD in 




o^ 00 ^ rH r^ 00 

in CM r^ u> ro 00 

CM CM ro ^ ro 


00 rH V£> 00 
VD in C3> ro 
ro ro CM CN 


r- "^ rH rH 

rH (N CM 00 
CM CM CM rH 


<T> vD in r^ vD 
ro o r^ "* CO 

r-i rH 




1 


1 


•-i ^ <T> Tl* 
'S' Cr> rH rH CN 

^ 1 1 1 1 1 
5 --1 in o in o 


o^ ^ o^ ^ 
CN ro ro '^r 

1 1 1 1 

in o in o 
CN ro ro 'J* 


0^ ^ O^ ^ 
^ in in vo 

1 1 1 1 

in o in o 
** in in vo 


o^ ^ o^ ^ 
vo r-- r> 00 

1 1 1 1 5 

00 

in o in o 
vo r^ r^ 00 



















10 



11 



SELECTED VITAL STATISTICS, I^^RYLAND, 1940-1981 



12 



13 





TART.F. 6. 


BIRIHS AND KERTH RATES EI RACE, MARYLAND. 


1940-1981 






NT.WRF.R OF BThCIHS 


BIRTH RATES* 






All 






All 








Other 






Other 


Year 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


1940 


32,368 


25,438 


6,930 


17.6 


16.6 


22.7 


1950 


55,992 


43,599 


12,393 


23.7 


22.1 


31.7 


1960 


77,496 


60,093 


17,403 


24.8 


23.2 


32.8 


1970 


69,336 


52,719 


16,617 


17.6 


16.4 


22.6 


1971 


65,399 


49,036 


16,363 


16.3 


15.2 


21.2 


1972 


58,310 


43,289 


15,021 


14.4 


13.3 


18.9 


1973 


53,642 


39,372 


14,270 


13.2 


12.1 


17.3 


1974 


53,075 


38,661 


14,414 


13.0 


12.0 


16.7 


1975 


52,732 


37,629 


15,103 


12.8 


11.7 


16.8 


1976 


52,672 


37,098 


15,574 


12.8 


11.5 


17.1 


1977 


55,828 


38,854 


16,974 


13.5 


12.2 


18.0 


1978 


55,374 


38,087 


17,287 


13.4 


12.1 


17.2 


1979 


58,086 


39,167 


18,919 


13.8 


12.5 


18.0 


1980 


59,833 


40,428 


19,405 


14.2 


12.8 


18.3 


1981 


61,584 


41,347 


20,237 


14.5 


13.0 


19.0 



*Birth Rates are per 1,000 Population. 





TART.F 7. 


DEATHS AND DEATH RATES BY RACE, MARYLAND, 


1940-1981 






NIMRF.R OF DEATHS 


DEATH RATES* 






All 






All 








Other 






Other 


Year 


Total 


White 


Races 


TotaT 


White 


Races 


1940 


21,883 


16,943 


4,940 


11.9 


11.1 


16.2 


1950 


22,450 


17,811 


4,639 


9.5 


9.0 


11.8 


1960 


27,992 


22,447 


5,545 


9.0 


8.7 


10.5 


1970 


32,790 


26,290 


6,500 


8.3 


8.2 


8.8 


1971 


32,305 


25,762 


6,543 


8.1 


8.0 


8.5 


1972 


33,396 


26,755 


6,641 


8.2 


8.2 


8.3 


1973 


33,033 


26,607 


6,426 


8.1 


8.2 


7.8 


1974 


32,972 


26,474 


6,498 


8.1 


8.2 


7.5 


1975 


32,071 


25,688 


6,383 


7.8 


8.0 


7.1 


1976 


32,563 


25,928 


6,635 


7.9 


8.1 


7.3 


1977 


32,129 


25,682 


6,447 


7.8 


8.0 


6.8 


1978 


33,059 


26,285 


6,774 


8.0 


8.4 


6.7 


1979 


32,732 


25,867 


6,865 


7.8 


8.2 


6.5 


1980 


34,025 


26,828 


7,197 


8.1 


8.5 


6.8 


1981 


33,958 


26,706 


7,252 


8.0 


8.4 


6.8 



*Death Rates are per 1,000 Population. 



14 



TART.F. 8. INFANT DF; 


me AND INFAl! 
iR OF INFANI I 


n? MDRTALITY RATES BY RA3E, 


, MARYLAND. 1940-1981 




NUMBI 


)EATHS 


INFANT M:»TALITY RAl'ES* 






All 






All 








Other 






Other 


Year 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


1940 


1,593 


1,062 


531 


49.2 


41.7 


76.6 


1950 


1,476 


965 


511 


26.4 


22.1 


41.2 


1960 


2,122 


1,341 


781 


27.4 


22.3 


44.9 


1970 


1,322 


841 


481 


19.1 


16.0 


28.9 


1971 


1,189 


724 


465 


18.2 


14.8 


28.4 


1972 


959 


614 


345 


16.4 


14.2 


23.0 


1973 


850 


547 


303 


15.8 


13.9 


21.2 


1974 


845 


547 


298 


15.9 


14.1 


20.7 


1975 


927 


587 


340 


17.6 


15.6 


22.5 


1976 


909 


508 


401 


17.3 


13.7 


25.7 


1977 


804 


445 


359 


14.4 


11.5 


21.1 


1978 


799 


438 


361 


14.4 


11.5 


20.9 


1979 


847 


447 


400 


14.6 


11.4 


21.1 


1980 


844 


462 


382 


14.1 


11.4 


19.7 


1981 


791 


440 


351 


12.8 


10.6 


17.3 


* Infant 


Mortality Rat 


:es are per 1, 


,000 Live Birt 


:hs. 







TABLE 9. 


NEONATAL DEATHS AND NEONATAL MQRTALP T RATES BY RACE, MARYLAND 


, 1940-1981 




Nr.TMBRR OF NEONATAL DEATHS 


neona:?al m:»tality rai-es* 






All 






All 








Other 






Other 


Year 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


1940 


935 


654 


281 


28.9 


25.7 


40.5 


1950 


1,048 


726 


322 


18.7 


16.7 


26.0 


1960 


1,561 


1,043 


518 


20.1 


17.4 


29.8 


1970 


972 


638 


334 


14.0 


12.1 


20.1 


1971 


881 


554 


327 


13.5 


11.3 


20.0 


1972 


702 


460 


242 


12.0 


10.6 


16.1 


1973 


605 


391 


214 


11.3 


9.9 


15.0 


1974 


632 


409 


223 


11.9 


10.6 


15.5 


1975 


701 


451 


250 


13.3 


12.0 


16.6 


1976 


692 


384 


308 


13.1 


10.4 


19.8 


1977 


603 


338 


265 


10.8 


8.7 


15.6 


1978 


607 


330 


277 


11.0 


8.7 


16.0 


1979 


608 


324 


284 


10.5 


8.3 


15.0 


1980 


612 


333 


279 


10.2 


8.2 


14.4 


1981 


578 


323 


255 


9.4 


7.8 


12.6 



*Neonatal Mortality Rates are per 1,000 Live Births. 



15 





TABT.R 10. POSTNH^NATAT. DRATHS 


AND POSTNBONATAL M»TALITY 




RATES BY RACE, MARYLAND. 1940-1981 






POSTNBONATAL DEATHS 


POSTNEONATAL lOlTALITY RATES* 






All 






All 








Other 






Other 


Year 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


1940 


658 


408 


250 


20.3 


16.0 


36.1 


1950 


428 


239 


189 


7.7 


5.4 


15.2 


1960 


561 


298 


263 


7.2 


5.0 


15.1 


1970 


350 


203 


147 


5.0 


3.9 


8.8 


1971 


308 


170 


138 


4.7 


3.5 


8.4 


1972 


257 


154 


103 


4.4 


3.6 


6.9 


1973 


245 


156 


89 


4.6 


4.0 


6.2 


1974 


213 


138 


75 


4.0 


3.6 


5.2 


1975 


225 


136 


89 


4.3 


3.6 


6.0 


1976 


217 


124 


93 


4.1 


3.3 


6.0 


1977 


201 


107 


94 


3.6 


2.8 


5.5 


1978 


192 


108 


84 


3.5 


2.8 


4.9 


1979 


239 


123 


116 


4.1 


3.1 


4.4 


1980 


232 


129 


103 


3.9 


3.2 


5.3 


1981 


213 


117 


96 


3.5 


2.8 


4.7 



*Pc3stneonatal Mortality Rates are per 1,000 Live Births 



TABI 


ih; 11. tKi'AL 


DEATHS AND FE 
t'h'i'AL DEATHS 


]TAL DEATH RATES BY RPCE. MARYLAND, 1940-1981 






FETAL DEATH RATES* 






All 






All 








Other 






Other 


Year 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


1940 


1,352 


860 


492 


40.1 


32.7 


66.3 


1950 


1,102 


728 


374 


19.3 


16.4 


29.3 


1960 


1,224 


811 


413 


15.2 


13.3 


23.2 


1970 


931 


628 


303 


13.2 


11.8 


17.9 


1971 


886 


558 


328 


13.4 


11.3 


19.7 


1972 


728 


455 


273 


12.3 


10.4 


17.9 


1973 


625 


400 


225 


11.5 


10.1 


15.5 


1974 


580 


378 


202 


10.9 


9.8 


14.0 


1975 


535 


335 


200 


10.1 


8.9 


13.2 


1976 


513 


294 


219 


9.6 


7.9 


13.9 


1977 


603 


327 


276 


10.7 


8.3 


16.0 


1978 


508 


303 


205 


9.1 


7.9 


11.7 


1979 


520 


287 


233 


8.9 


7.3 


12.2 


1980 


494 


274 


220 


8.2 


6.7 


11.2 


1981 


602 


352 


250 


9.7 


8.4 


12.2 



*Etetal Death Rates are per 1,000 Total Births (Live Births plus Fetal Deaths). 



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17 



BIRTHS 



18 



19 



TABLE 14. BIWi'HS AND BIRTH RATES BY RACE, REGION, AND 


POLITICAL 


SUBDIVISION, 1981 




NT.WBER OF RTRTHS 


BIRTH RATES* 






AU 






All 


A^ea of 






Other 






Other 


Residence 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


Maryland State 


61,584 


41,347 


20,237 


14,5 


13.0 


19.0 


Northwest Area 


4,699 


4,401 


298 


13.8 


13.5 


21.1 


Garrett 


412 


411 


1 


15.0 


15.1 


7.1 


Allegany 


1,001 


972 


29 


12.5 


12.3 


19.6 


Washington 


1,368 


1,279 


89 


12.2 


11.9 


17.0 


Frederick 


1,918 


1,739 


179 


15.9 


15.4 


24.6 


Baltimore Metro Area 


31,366 


20,258 


11,108 


14.4 


12.7 


18.9 


Baltimore City 


12,494 


4,180 


8,314 


16.1 


12.3 


19.0 


Baltimore County 


8,018 


6,847 


1,171 


12.2 


11.6 


17.6 


Anne Ariindel 


5,582 


4,575 


1,007 


14.8 


14.0 


20.4 


Carroll 


1,410 


1,369 


41 


14.1 


14.2 


11.3 


Hoard 


1,761 


1,482 


279 


14.1 


13.8 


15.6 


Harford 


2,101 


1,805 


296 


14.3 


13.6 


20.9 


National Capital Area 


18,508 


11,436 


7,072 


14.7 


12.8 


19.3 


Montgcmery 


7,691 


6,105 


1,586 


13.0 


12.1 


18.6 


Prince George's 


10,817 


5,331 


5,486 


16.2 


13.8 


19.5 


Southern Area 


2,881 


2,212 


669 


16.6 


15.9 


19.0 


Calvert 


566 


414 


152 


15.3 


14.4 


18.5 


Charles 


1,223 


940 


283 


15.8 


15.5 


17.0 


Saint Mary's 


1,092 


858 


234 


18.3 


17.3 


22.7 


Eastern Shore Area 


4,130 


3,040 


1,090 


13.7 


12.6 


18.2 


Cecil 


860 


814 


46 


14.1 


14.1 


13.0 


Kent 


202 


154 


48 


11.9 


11.8 


12.4 


Queen Anne's 


371 


298 


73 


13.9 


13.3 


17.0 


Caroline 


344 


265 


79 


14.7 


13.7 


19.7 


Talbot 


364 


245 


119 


13.6 


11.6 


20.8 


Dorchester 


388 


241 


147 


12.8 


11.3 


16.1 


W'canico 


946 


640 


306 


14.6 


12.7 


20.9 


Somerset 


255 


130 


125 


13.4 


10.4 


19.0 


Worcester 


400 


253 


147 


12.7 


10.9 


17.8 



* Birth Rates are per 1,000 Population. 



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30 



TABLE 21. BIRTHS TO UNMARRIED WOMEN BY RACE, 


REGION, AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISION. 1981 




RESIDENT BIRTHS TO UNMARRIED WOMEN 






All 


Percent of All Births 






All 


Area of 






Other 






Other 


Residence 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


Maryland State 


16,771 


5,363 


11,408 


27.2 


13.0 


56.4 


Northwest Area 


661 


530 


131 


-14.1 


12.0 


44.0 


Garrett 


45 


45 


- 


10.9 


10.9 


- 


Allegany 


146 


132 


14 


14.6 


13.6 


48.3 


Washington 


207 


174 


33 


15.1 


13.6 


37.1 


Frederick 


263 


179 


84 


13.7 


10.3 


46.9 


Baltimore Metro Area 


10,076 


2,707 


7,369 


32.1 


13.4 


66.3 


Baltimore City 


7,274 


1,037 


6,237 ■ 


58.2 


24.8 


75.0 


Baltimore County 


1,105 


682 


423 


13.8 


10.0 


36.1 


Anne Arundel 


998 


514 


484 


17.9 


11.2 


48.1 


Carroll 


153 


139 


14 


10.9 


10.2 


34.1 


Hcward 


199 


115 


84 


11.3 


7.8 


30.1 


Harford 


347 


220 


127 


16.5 


12.2 


42.9 


National Capital Area 


4,252 


1,486 


2,766 


23.0 


13.0 


39.1 


Montgomery 


1,167 


644 


523 


15.2 


10.5 


33.0 


Prince George's 


3,085 


842 


2,243 


28.5 


15.8 


40.9 


Southern Area 


645 


250 


395 


22.4 


11.3 


59.0 


Calvert 


147 


50 


97 


26.0 


12.1 


63.8 


Charles 


282 


105 


177 


23.1 


11.2 


62.5 


Saint Mary's 


216 


95 


121 


19.8 


11.1 


51.7 


Eastern Shore Area 


1,137 


390 


747 


27.5 


12.8 


68.5 


Cecil 


168 


144 


24 


19.5 


17.7 


52.2 


Kent 


51 


16 


35 


25.2 


10.4 


72.9 


Queen Anne's 


73 


22 


51 


19.7 


7.4 


69.9 


Caroline 


96 


38 


58 


27.9 


14.3 


73.4 


Talbot 


109 


28 


81 


29.9 


11.4 


68.1 


Dorchester 


141 


34 


107 


36.3 


14.1 


72.8 


Wiconico 


262 


73 


189 


27.7 


11.4 


61.8 


Saner set 


97 


9 


88 


38.0 


6.9 


70.4 


Worcester 


140 


26 


114 


35.0 


10.3 


77.6 



31 



TABT.F. ?.?.. B;31THS TO UNMARRIED WOMEN BY AGE OF MOTHER AND RACE, MARYLAND, 


1981 






NUMBER 




PERCENT 






All 






All 








Other 






Other 


Aqe of Mother 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


All Ages 


16,771 


5,363 


11,408 


27.2 


13.0 


56.4 


Under 15 


176 


40 


136 


94.6 


80.0 


100.0 


15 - 17 


2,637 


867 


1,770 


78.4 


55.9 


97.6 


18 - 19 


3,221 


1,029 


2,192 


59.8 


35.0 


89.5 


20 - 24 


6,114 


1,821 


4,293 


32.7 


15.2 


64.2 


25 - 29 


2,897 


948 


1,949 


15.0 


6.7 


37.5 


30 - 34 


1,355 


507 


848 


11.8 


6.0 


27.6 


35 - 39 


311 


127 


184 


11.1 


6.3 


23.9 


40 - 44 


41 


16 


25 


11.5 


6.2 


25.8 


45 and Over 


1 


- 


1 


5.6 


- 


25.0 


Not Stated 


18 


8 


10 


38.3 


26.7 


58.8 



TABLE 23. BIRTHS TO UNMARRIED WOMEN BY BIRTH CRDER AND RACE, MARYLAND. 1981 



Birth Order* 



NUMBER 



Total 



White 



All 
Other 
Races 



Total 



PERCENT 



White 



All 
Other 
Races 



Total 



16,771 



5,363 



11,408 



27.2 



13.0 



56.4 



First Child 

Second 

Third 

Fourth 

Fifth 

Sixth 

Seventh 

Eighth or More 

Not Stated 



9,735 

4,014 

1,616 

624 

234 

96 

39 

29 

384 



3,567 

1,071 

405 

137 

53 

23 

3 

7 

97 



6,168 

2,943 

1,211 

487 

181 

73 

36 

22 

287 



33.4 
20.7 
20.7 
24.0 
26.5 
27.0 
25.2 
21.5 
32.7 



17.9 
8.1 
8.0 
8.8 

10.5 

12.6 
3.7 
9.0 

13.8 



67.3 
48.2 
43.7 
46.6 
48.0 
42.4 
48.6 
38.6 
60.9 



*Based on the Current Live Births Plus All Previous Live Births to the Mother 












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33 



TABLE 25. BIRTHS BY PLURALITY. PGE OF MOTHER. AND RAZE, MARYLAND. 1981 

- ■ ■ ^, ■ ■ ■ — ^^p— ■■■■■■ _j —T ■■■.. H I 11 II 11 n ■■..... . ■ — . ■ ^ r-, ^ ■ 1 1 ■i«_j I ■ ■ *~ I ,- ^ J I 



Age of Mother 
and Race 



Total 



Single 
Births 



Plural 
Births 



Ratio of 
Plural Births 

Per 1,000 
Total Births 



All Births: 



Under 15 
15 - 17 
18 - 19 
20 - 24 
25 - 29 
30 - 34 
35 - 39 
40 - 44 
45 and Over 
Not Stated 



61,584 



60,363 



186 


185 


3,365 


3,312 


5,386 


5,291 


18,684 


18,337 


19,292 


18,918 


11,454 


11,182 


2,797 


2,724 


355 


349 


18 


18 


47 


47 



1,221 

1 

53 

95 

347 

374 

272 

73 

6 



19.8 

5.4 
15.8 
17.6 
18.6 
19.4 
23.7 
26.1 
16.9 



White: 



Under 15 
15 - 17 
18 - 19 
20 - 24 
25 - 29 
30 - 34 
35 - 39 
40 - 44 
45 and Over 
Not Stated 



41,347 

50 

1,551 

2,936 

11,997 

14,101 

8,382 

2,028 

258 

14 

30 



40,553 

49 

1,526 

2,892 

11,780 

13,843 

8,196 

1,967 

256 

14 

30 



794 

1 

25 

44 

217 

258 

186 

61 

2 



19.2 

20.0 
16.1 
15.0 
18.1 
18.3 
22.2 
30.1 
7.8 



All Other Races; 



Under 15 



15 
18 
20 
25 
30 
35 
40 
45 



- 17 

- 19 

- 24 

- 29 

- 34 

- 39 

- 44 
and Over 



Not Stated 



20,237 

136 

1,814 

2,450 

6,687 

5,191 

3,072 

769 

97 

4 

17 



19,810 

136 

1,786 

2,399 

6,557 

5,075 

2,986 

757 

93 

4 

17 



427 



28 

51 

130 

116 

86 

12 

4 



21.1 



15.4 
20.8 
19.4 
22.3 
28.0 
15.6 
41.2 



34 



TABLE 26. BIRTHS BY PLURALITY. T.FM?rH OF PREGNANCY, AND KPCE. MARYIAND. 1981 



liQigth of Pregnancy 
(v^seks) 



Total 



Single 
Births 



Plural 
Births 



Ratio of 
Plural Births 

Per 1,000 
Total Births 



All Births: 



Under 20 



27 
31 
35 



20 

28 

32 

36 

37 

40 

41 

42 or more 

Not Stated 



- 39 



61,584 

78 

602 

852 

2,970 

1,971 

22,117 

12,384 

8,855 

9,612 

2,143 



60,363 

72 

539 

764 

2,727 

1,843 

21,674 

12,308 

8,803 

9,541 

2,092 



1,221 

6 
63 

88 

243 

128 

443 

76 

52 

71 

51 



19.8 

76.9 

104.7 

103.3 

81.8 

64.9 

20.0 

6.1 

5.9 

7.4 

23.8 



White: 



Under 20 



20 

28 

32 

36 

37 

40 

41 

42 or more 

Not Stated 



- 27 

- 31 

- 35 

- 39 



41,347 

32 

255 

376 

1,475 

1,081 
14,251 
8,983 
6,611 
6,869 
1,414 



40,553 

30 

220 

336 

1,311 

986 

13,962 

8,937 

6,570 

6,829 

1,372 



794 

2 

35 

40 
164 
95 
289 
46 
41 
40 
42 



19.2 

62.5 

137.3 

106.4 

111.2 

87.9 

20.3 

5.1 

6.2 

5.8 

29.7 



All Other Races: 



Under 20 



20 

28 

32 

36 

37 

40 

41 

42 or more 

Not Stated 



- 27 

- 31 

- 35 

- 39 



20,237 

46 

347 

476 
1,495 

890 
7,866 
3,401 
2,244 
2,743 

729 



19,810 

42 

319 

428 

1,416 

857 

7,712 

3,371 

2,233 

2,712 

720 



427 

4 
28 
48 
79 
33 
154 
30 
11 
31 

9 



21.1 

87.0 

80.7 

100.8 

52.8 

37.1 

19.6 

8.8 

4.9 

11.3 

12.3 



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36 



TART.F, 28. BIRTHS 


BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE AND OCCURRENCE, 




RACE. REGION, 


AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISION, 1981 






BIRTHS BY AREA 


BIRTHS IN MARYLAND 




OF MOTHER'S RESIDENCE 


BY AREA OF BIRTH 






All 






All 


Area of 






Other 






Other 


Residence 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


Maryland State 


61,584 


41,347 


20,237 


54,329 


37,472 


16,857 


Northwest Area 


4,699 


4,401 


298 


4,782 


4,511 


271 


Garrett 


412 


411 


1 


376 


374 


2 


Al 1 egany 


1,001 


972 


29 


1,617 


1,575 


42 


Washington 


1,368 


1,279 


89 


1,472 


1,402 


70 


Frederick 


1,918 


1,739 


179 


1,317 


1,160 


157 


Baltimore Metro Area 


31,366 


20,258 


11,108 


30,734 


19,769 


10,965 


Baltimore City 


12,494 


4,180 


8,314 


18,076 


8,717 


9,359 


Baltimore County 


8,018 


6,847 


1,171 


7,524 


6,682 


842 


Anne Arundel 


5,582 


4,575 


1,007 


2,097 


1,772 


325 


Carroll 


1,410 


1,369 


41 


757 


735 


22 


Howard 


1,761 


1,482 


279 


1,226 


1,013 


213 


Harford 


2,101 


1,805 


296 


1,054 


850 


204 


National Capital Area 


18,508 


11,436 


7,072 


13,367 


9,325 


4,042 


Montgomery 


7,691 


6,105 


1,586 


8,006 


6,241 


1,765 


Prince George's 


10,817 


5,331 


5,486 


5,361 


3,084 


2,277 


Southern Area 


2,881 


2,212 


669 


1,744 


1,238 


506 


Calvert 


566 


414 


152 


434 


276 


158 


Charles 


1,223 


940 


283 


405 


269 


136 


Saint Mary's 


1,092 


858 


234 


905 


693 


212 


Eastern Shore Area 


4,130 


3,040 


1,090 


3,702 


2,629 


1,073 


Cecil 


860 


814 


46 


372 


335 


37 


Kent 


202 


154 


48 


264 


201 


63 


Queen Anne's 


371 


298 


73 


- 


- 


- 


Caroline 


344 


265 


79 


1 


1 


- 


Talbot 


364 


245 


119 


939 


695 


244 


Dorchester 


388 


241 


147 


305 


165 


140 


Wicomico 


946 


640 


306 


1,700 


1,150 


550 


Saner set 


255 


130 


125 


120 


82 


38 


Worcester 


400 


253 


147 


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38 



39 



DEATHS 



40 



41 



TABLE 30. DEATHS AND DEATH RATES BY RACE, REGION, AND 


POLITICAL 


SUBDIVISION, 1981 




NI.WBRR OF DEATHS 


DEATH RATES* 






All 






All 


Area of 






Other 






Other 


Residence 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


Maryland State 


33,958 


26,706 


7,252 


8.0 


8.4 


6.8 


Northwest Area 


3,110 


3,011 


99 


9.1 


9.2 


7.0 


CV^rrett 


244 


244 


- 


8.9 


9.0 


- 


Allegany 


989 


974 


15 


12.3 


12.4 


10.1 


Washington 


1,014 


984 


30 


9.0 


9.2 


5.7 


Frederick 


863 


809 


54 


7.2 


7.2 


7.4 


Baltimore Metro Area 


19,407 


14,438 


4,969 


8.9 


9.1 


8.4 


Baltimore City 


9,321 


5,158 


4,163 


12.0 


15.2 


9.5 


Baltimore County 


5,478 


5,201 


277 


8.3 


8.8 


4.2 


Anne Arundel 


2,419 


2,070 


349 


6.4 


6.3 


7.1 


Carroll 


720 


693 


27 


7.2 


7.2 


7.4 


Hcward 


595 


520 


75 


4.8 


4.9 


4.2 


Harford 


874 


796 


78 


6.0 


6.0 


5.5 


National Capital Area 


7,366 


6,088 


1,278 


5.9 


6.8 


3.5 


Montgomery 


3,722 


3,448 


274 


6.3 


6.8 


3.2 


Prince George's 


3,644 


2,640 


1,004 


5.5 


6.8 


3.6 


Southern Area 


1,039 


809 


230 


6.0 


5.8 


6.5 


Cal vert 


257 


206 


51 


7.0 


7.2 


6.2 


Charles 


371 


266 


105 


4.8 


4.4 


6.3 


Saint Mary's 


411 


337 


74 


6.9 


6.8 


7.2 


Eastern Shore Area 


3,036 


2,360 


676 


10.1 


9.8 


11.3 


Cecil 


464 


433 


31 


7.6 


7.5 


8.8 


Kent 


179 


140 


39 


10.6 


10.7 


10.1 


Queen Anne's 


247 


177 


70 


9.2 


7.9 


16.3 


Caroline 


261 


210 


51 


11.2 


10.9 


12.7 


T^bot 


299 


237 


62 


11.2 


11.2 


10.9 


Dorchester 


369 


259 


110 


12.1 


12.2 


12.0 


Wiccmico 


626 


480 


146 


9.6 


9.6 


10.0 


Saner set 


258 


171 


87 


13.6 


13.7 


13.2 


Worcester 


333 


253 


80 


10.6 


10.9 


9.7 



*Death Rates are per 1,000 Population. 



42 





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58 



TABLE 41. DEATHS BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE AND OCXZURRENCE, 













DEATHS IN 




DEATHS BY AREA OF RESIDENCE 


MARYLAND BY AREA OF DEATH 






All 






All 


Area of 






Other 






Other 


Residence 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


Maryland State 


33,958 


26,706 


7,252 


33,491 


26,519 


6,972 


Northwest Area 


3,110 


3,011 


99 


3,214 


3,116 


98 


Garrett 


244 


244 


- 


264 


261 


3 


Allegany 


989 


974 


15 


1,093 


1,077 


16 


Washington 


1,014 


984 


30 


1,109 


1,074 


35 


Frederick 


863 


809 


54 


748 


704 


44 


Baltimore Metro Area 


19,407 


14,438 


4,969 


19,545 


14,538 


5,007 


Baltimore City 


9,321 


5,158 


4,163 


11,527 


7,153 


4,374 


Baltimore County 


5,478 


5,201 


277 


4,504 


4,266 


238 


Anne Arundel 


2,419 


2,070 


349 


1,813 


1,550 


263 


Carroll 


720 


693 


27 


579 


554 


25 


Hcward 


595 


520 


75 


327 


288 


39 


Harford 


874 


796 


78 


795 


727 


68 


National Capital Area 


7,366 


6,088 


1,278 


6,891 


5,821 


1,070 


Montgomery 


3,722 


3,448 


274 


3,952 


3,611 


341 


Prince George's 


3,644 


2,640 


1,004 


2,939 


2,210 


729 


Southern Area 


1,039 


809 


230 


775 


609 


166 


Calvert 


257 


206 


51 


203 


165 


38 


Charles 


371 


266 


105 


257 


182 


75 


Saint Mary's 


411 


337 


74 


315 


262 


53 


Eastern Shore Area 


3,036 


2,360 


676 


3,066 


2,435 


631 


Cecil 


464 


433 


31 


483 


441 


42 


Kent 


179 


140 


39 


168 


136 


32 


Queen Anne's 


247 


177 


70 


90 


74 


16 


Caroline 


261 


210 


51 


80 


69 


11 


Talbot 


299 


237 


62 


524 


410 


114 


Dorchester 


369 


259 


110 


313 


217 


96 


Wicomico 


626 


480 


146 


1,106 


850 


256 


Somerset 


258 


171 


87 


136 


101 


35 


Worcester 


333 


253 


80 


166 


137 


29 



59 



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60 



61 



FETAL A^D INFANT DEATHS 



62 



TABLE 43. FETAL DEATHS AND 


Fh'i'AL DEATH RATES BY RACE, 




REGION, AND POLITICAL 


SUBDIVISION. 1981 








NUMBER OF FhTAL DEATHS 


Fh'i'AL DEATH RATES* 






All 






All 


Area of 






Other 






Other 


Residence 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


Maryland State 


602 


352 


250 


9.7 


8.4 


12.2 


Northwest Area 


43 


39 


4 


9.1 


8.8 


13.2 


Garrett 


2 


2 


- 


4.8 


4.8 


- 


Allegany 


14 


13 


1 


13.8 


13.2 


33.3 


Washington 


18 


17 


1 


13.0 


13.1 


11.1 


Frederick 


9 


7 


2 


4.7 


4.0 


11.0 


Baltimore Metro Area 


324 


182 


142 


10.2 


8.9 


12.6 


Baltimore City 


148 


45 


103 


11.7 


10.7 


12.2 


Baltimore County 


82 


67 


15 


10.1 


9.7 


12.6 


Anne Arundel 


54 


38 


16 


9.6 


8.2 


15.6 


Carroll 


13 


13 


- 


9.1 


9.4 


- 


Howard 


11 


6 


5 


6.2 


4.0 


17.6 


Harford 


16 


13 


3 


7.6 


7.2 


10.0 


National Coital Area 


173 


88 


85 


9.3 


7.6 


11.9 


Mraitganery 


70 


54 


16 


9.0 


8.8 


10.0 


Prince George's 


103 


34 


69 


9.4 


6.3 


12.4 


Southern Area 


24 


16 


8 


8.3 


7.2 


11.8 


Calvert 


2 


2 


- 


3.5 


4.8 


- 


Charles 


10 


7 


3 


8.1 


7.4 


10.5 


Saint Mary's 


12 


7 


5 


10.9 


8.2 


20.9 


Eastern Shore Area 


38 


27 


11 


9.1 


8.8 


10.0 


Cecil 


5 


5 


- 


5.8 


6.1 


- 


Kent 


2 


1 


1 


9.8 


6.5 


20.4 


Queen Anne's 


10 


7 


3 


26.2 


23.0 


39.5 


Caroline 


2 


2 


- 


5.8 


7.5 


- 


Talbot 


3 


3 


- 


8.2 


12.1 


- 


Dorchester 


6 


1 


5 


15.2 


4.1 


32.9 


Wicomico 


6 


6 


- 


6.3 


9.3 


- 


Sonerset 


2 


1 


1 


7.8 


7.6 


7.9 


Worcester 


2 


1 


1 


5.0 


3.9 


6.8 



*Fetal Death Rates are Per 1,000 Total Births (Live Births Plus Fetal Deaths). 



64 



TART.F. 44 


. INFANT DEATHS AND 


INFANT M31TALITY RATES BY 




R^E, REGION, 


AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISION, 1981 






NUMBER 


OF INFANT 


DEATHS 


INFANI 


MORTALITY RATES* 






All 






All 


Area of 






Other 






Other 


Residence 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


Maryland State 


791 


440 


351 


12.8 


10.6 


17.3 


Northwest Area 


61 


54 


7 


13.0 


12.3 


23.5 


Garrett 


9 


9 


- 


21.8 


21.9 


- 


Allegany 


10 


10 


- 


10.0 


10.3 . 


- 


Washington 


12 


11 


1 


8.8 


8.6 


11.2 


Frederick 


30 


24 


6 


15.6 


13.8 


33.5 


Baltimore Metro Area 


414 


211 


203 


13.2 


10.4 


18.3 


Baltimore City 


212 


45 


167 


17.0 


10.8 


20.1 


Baltimore County 


85 


71 


14 


10.6 


10.4 


12.0 


Anne Arundel 


61 


43 


18 


10.9 


9.4 


17.9 


Carroll 


15 


15 


- 


10.6 


11.0 


- 


Howard 


13 


13 


- 


7.4 


8.8 


- 


Harford 


28 


24 


4 


13.3 


13.3 


13.5 


National Capital Area 


224 


124 


100 


12.1 


10.8 


14.1 


Montgomery 


75 


49 


26 


9.8 


8.0 


16.4 


Prince George's 


149 


75 


74 


13.8 


14.1 


13.5 


Southern Area 


40 


24 


16 


13.9 


10.8 


23.9 


Calvert 


7 


5 


2 


12.4 


12.1 


13.2 


Charles 


19 


10 


9 


15.5 


10.6 


31.8 


Saint Mary's 


14 


9 


5 


12.8 


10.5 


21.4 


Eastern Shore Area 


52 


27 


25 


12.6 


8.9 


22.9 


Cecil 


7 


7 


- 


8.1 


8.6 


- 


Kent 


2 


1 


1 


9.9 


6.5 


20.8 


Queen Anne's 


3 


1 


2 


8.1 


3.4 


27.4 


Caroline 


6 


4 


2 


17.4 


15.1 


25.3 


Talbot 


3 


1 


2 


8.2 


4.1 


16.8 


Dorchester 


6 


3 


3 


15.5 


12.4 


20.4 


Wicomico 


16 


8 


8 


16.9 


12.5 


26.1 


Sonerset 


4 


1 


3 


15.7 


7.7 


24.0 


Worcester 


5 


1 


4 


12.5 


4.0 


27.2 



♦Infant Mortality Rates are Per 1,000 Live Births. 



65 



TABT.R 45. NE50NATAL DEATHS, NEONATAL MX^TALITY RALL'ES, AND PERINATAL DEATH 


RATES, BY RACE, 


REGION. 


AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISION, 


1981 














NEONATAL MORTALITY 


PERINATAL DEATH 




NEONATAL DEATHS 




RATES* 




RATES** 








All 






All 






All 


Area of 






Other 






Other 






Other 


Residence 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


Total 


White 


Races 


^faryland State 


578 


323 


255 


9.4 


7.8 


12.6 


19.0 


16.2 


24.6 


Northwest Area 


47 


41 


6 


10.0 


9.3 


20.1 


19.0 


18.0 


33.1 


Garrett 


8 


8 


- 


19.4 


19.5 


- 


24.2 


24.2 


- 


Allegany 


8 


8 


- 


8.0 


8.2 


- 


21.7 


21.3 


33.3 


W&shington 


7 


7 


- 


5.1 


5.5 


- 


18.0 


18.5 


11.1 


Frederick 


24 


18 


6 


12.5 


10.4 


33.5 


17.1 


14.3 


44.2 


Baltimore Metro Area 


288 


143 


145 


9.2 


7.1 


13.1 


19.3 


15.9 


25.5 


Baltimore City 


145 


29 


116 


11.6 


6.9 


14.0 


23.2 


17.5 


26.0 


Baltimore County 


63 


51 


12 


7.9 


7.4 


10.2 


17.9 


17.1 


22.8 


Anne Arundel 


45 


30 


15 


8.1 


6.6 


14.9 


17.6 


14.7 


30.3 


Carroll 


9 


9 


- 


6.4 


6.6 


- 


15.5 


15.9 


- 


Howard 


8 


8 


- 


4.5 


5.4 


- 


10.7 


9.4 


17.6 


Htarford 


18 


16 


2 


8.6 


8.9 


6.8 


16.1 


16.0 


16.7 


National Capital Area 


173 


99 


74 


9.3 


8.7 


10.5 


18.5 


16.2 


22.2 


Montgatery 


57 


36 


21 


7.4 


5.9 


13.2 


16.4 


14.6 


23.1 


Prince George's 


116 


63 


53 


10.7 


11.8 


9.7 


20.1 


18.1 


22.0 


Southern Area 


29 


19 


10 


10.1 


8.6 


14.9 


18.2 


15.7 


26.6 


Calvert 


5 


3 


2 


8.8 


7.2 


13.2 


12.3 


12.0 


13.2 


Charles 


14 


9 


5 


11.4 


9.6 


17.7 


19.5 


16.9 


28.0 


Saint Mary's 


10 


7 


3 


9.2 


8.2 


12.8 


19.9 


16.2 


33.5 


Eastern Shore Area 


41 


21 


20 


9.9 


6.9 


18.3 


19.0 


15.7 


28.2 


Cecil 


5 


5 


- 


5.8 


6.1 


- 


11.6 


12.2 


- 


Kent 


1 


- 


1 


5.0 


- 


20.8 


14.7 


6.5 


40.8 


Queen Anne's 


2 


1 


1 


5.4 


3.4 


13.7 


31.5 


26.2 


52.6 


Caroline 


4 


2 


2 


11.6 


7.5 


25.3 


17.3 


15.0 


25.3 


Talbot 


3 


1 


2 


8.2 


4.1 


16.8 


16.3 


16.1 


16.8 


Dorchester 


4 


3 


1 


10.3 


12.4 


6.8 


25.4 


16.5 


39.5 


Wicomico 


14 


7 


7 


14.8 


10.9 


22.9 


21.0 


20.1 


22.9 


Somerset 


3 


1 


2 


11.8 


7.7 


16.0 


19.5 


15.3 


23.8 


Worcester 


5 


1 


4 


12.5 


4.0 


27.2 


17.4 


7.9 


33.8 


*Neonatal Mortality I 


\ates ai 


:e per ] 


L.OOO L] 


Lve Birt 


:hs. 











**Perinatal Death Rates are per 1,000 Total Births (Live Births Plus Fetal Deaths). 



66 



67 



M?^RRIAGES 



68 



69 



TART.F, 46. ^«^RRIAGES BY RESIDENT STATUS AND TYPE OF CEREMONY, BY 


REGION 






AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISION OF OCCURRENCE, 


1981 






Area of 


MARRIAGES* BY RESIDENCE 


TYPE OF CEREMONY 






Maryland** 


Non-res idents* * * 




Civil 






Per 




Per 


Residence 


Total 


Residents 


Number 


cent 


Religious 


Number 


cent 




'Maryland State 


47,128 


37,481 


9,647 


20.5 


30,039 


17,089 


36.3 


Northwest Area 


5,190 


3,115 


2,075 


40.0 


2,992 


2,198 


42.4 




Garrrett 


888 


253 


635 


71.5 


423 


465 


52.4 




Allegany 


1,170 


755 


415 


35.5 


699 


471 


40.3 




Vfeshington 


1,990 


1,131 


859 


43.2 


1,043 


947 


47.6 


i 


Frederick 


1,142 


976 


166 


14.5 


827 


315 


27.6 


1 


Baltimore Metro Area 


20,778 


19,427 


1,351 


6.5 


14,432 


6,346 


30.5 


' 


Baltimore City 


7,307 


7,059 


248 


3.4 


4,915 


2,392 


32.7 




i Baltimore County 


6,149 


5,844 


305 


5.0 


4,538 


1,611 


26.2 




Anne Arundel 


3,669 


3,352 


317 


8.6 


2,646 


1,023 


27.9 




Carroll 


979 


795 


184 


18.8 


656 


323 


33.0 




Howard 


1,213 


1,149 


64 


5.3 


782 


431 


35.5 




Harford 


1,461 


1,228 


233 


15.9 


895 


566 


38.7 




National Capital Area 


12,918 


10,523 


2,395 


18.5 


8,085 


4,833 


37.4 




Montgomery 


6,530 


4,999 


1,531 


23.4 


4,444 


2,086 


31.9 




Prince George's 


6,388 


5,524 


864 


13.5 


3,641 


2,747 


43.0 


> 


Southern Area 


1,570 


1,451 


119 


7.6 


923 


647 


41.2 


1 


Calvert 


294 


276 


18 


6.1 


221 


73 


24.8 


\ 


Charles 


693 


618 


75 


10.8 


379 


314 


45.3 




Saint Mary's 


583 


557 


26 


4.5 


323 


260 


44.6 


i 


Eastern Shore Area 


6,672 


2,965 


3,707 


55.6 


3,607 


3,065 


45.9 


' 


Cecil 


3,715 


734 


2,981 


80.2 


1,386 


2,329 


62.7 




Kent 


187 


157 


30 


16.0 


145 


42 


22.5 




Queen Anne's 


171 


160 


11 


6.4 


131 


40 


23.4 




Caroline 


451 


238 


213 


47.2 


333 


118 


26.2 




Talbot 


316 


279 


37 


11.7 


269 


47 


14.9 




Dorchester 


243 


223 


20 


8.2 


220 


23 


9.5 




Wicomico 


870 


664 


206 


23.7 


617 


253 


29.1 




Somerset 


217 


195 


22 


10.1 


149 


68 


31.3 


1 

1 


Worcester 


502 


315 


187 


37.3 


357 


145 


28.9 





- Not the Number 



of Persons Married. 
**One or Both Partners v^sre Residents of Maryland. 
*Both Partners vjere Nc«- res idents of Maryland. 



70 



TART.R 


47. Ng^RRIAGES 


; BY PGE OF BRIDE AND PREVIOUS MARITAL 




STATUS. MARYLAND, 1981 








All 


PREVIOUS MARITAL STATOS 


Never 






Not Stated 


Age of Bride 


Marriages 


Married 


Widcwed 


Divorced 


and Other 


Total Marriages 


47,128 
38 


31,383 
38 


1,784 


13,900 


61 


Under 15 


15 - 17 


2,064 


2,057 


1 


5 


1 


18 - 19 


5,833 


5,743 


3 


83 


4 


20 - 21 


6,674 


6,362 


9 


297 


6 


22 - 24 


9,512 


8,110 


25 


1,363 


14 


25 - 29 


9,708 


6,003 


83 


3,608 


14 


30 - 34 


5,507 


1,849 


122 


3,530 


6 


35 - 39 


2,779 


551 


151 


2,071 


6 


40 - 44 


1,654 


243 


151 


1,258 


2 


45 - 54 


1,926 


259 


438 


1,225 


4 


55 & Over 


1,412 


155 


799 


454 


4 


Unknown 


21 


13 


2 


6 


~ 


TART,E 


48 . I^^RRIAGEE 


; BY AGE OF GROOM AND PREVIOUS MARITAL 




ST 


PAIUS, MARYLZ 


\ND, 1981 








All 


PREVIOUS MARITAL STATUS 


Never 






Not Stated 


Age of Groom 


Marriages 


Married 


Widowed 


Divorced 


and Other 


Total Nfarriages 


47,128 


30,458 


1,726 


14,902 


42 


Under 15 


15 - 17 


378 


378 


- 


- 


- 


18 - 19 


2,716 


2,709 


- 


6 


1 


20 - 21 


5,099 


5,013 


1 


83 


2 


22 - 24 


9,413 


8,799 


10 


597 


7 


25 - 29 


11,305 


8,535 


23 


2,734 


13 


30 - 34 


6,812 


3,007 


55 


3,745 


5 


35 - 39 


3,795 


943 


69 


2,780 


3 


40 - 44 


2,296 


377 


94 


1,821 


4 


45 - 54 


2,827 


391 


317 


2,116 


3 


55 & Over 


2,478 


299 


1,156 


1,019 


4 


Unknown 


9 


7 


1 


1 


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CN 










,-\ r-i r-i 


in CN 




>< 




















03 




































^ 








1 1 


1 CN >^ r-» 


ro »^ r~> m ^ 

rH CN ^ in 00 


r^ o 00 00 in 
o <X) 00 cTv in 


<* rH r- VD o 
CN O VO CN rH 


in 1 


1 




CM 


00 
rH 








,-{ r-t t-{ f^ r^ 


in CN 




^ 






(Ti 


1 1 


1 CN m vo 


in 00 in 'd" o 


CO 00 f^ CO <* 


rH ro ro ^ CN 


CN 1 


• 






O 






CN '^ Vi? (Ti CN 


00 CN «* r^ in 


^ O r~« 04 rH 


<-i 


<T> 




vo 


CN 






r-\ 


rH CN CN rH rH 


in CN 








(N 


CN 




















O 


1 1 


1 rH VO O 


r^ in in ro Tt 


^ 00 in 00 o^ 


o^ in in o <Ti 


r- 1 








m 




r-i 


ro in <r> ^ CN 


VD ^ ro o vo 


00 in in CN 








in 


^ 






r-{ CN 


CN CN CN CN rH 


•«* r-i 








CN 


CN 






























^ 








in 










n) 




^ ^ 




t-t 








^ o^ ^ o^ ^ 


5 C 




B 












ro ro ^ ^ in 


O 5 




Si 


iH 

<0 


^ 








1 1 1 1 1 


^ C 




•5! cj 


g 


-Sin 


vr> r~ CO cTi 


O rH CN ro ^ 


in vD r^ 00 (Ti 


o in o in o 


in c 






H 


O rH 


,-i ,-i r-i ,-i 


CN CN CN CN CM 


CN CN CN CN CN 


ro ro ■«* •«r in 


in O 



73 



TABLE 50. N?\RRIAGES BY PREVIOUS MARITAL STATUS AND RESIDENCE 



Resident Status 




PREVIOUS MARITAL STATUS OF BRIDE 


Never 






Not Stated 


of Bride 


Marriages 


Married 


Widowed 


Divorced 


and Other 


Total Marriages 


47,128 


31,383 


1,784 


13,900 


61 


Resident Bride 


36,161 


24,826 


1,184 


10,103 


48 


Resident Groom 


33,192 


22,557 


1,082 


9,510 


43 


Ncxiresident Groom 


2,969 


2,269 


102 


593 


5 


NcMiresident Bride 


10,967 


6,557 


600 


3,797 


13 


Resident Groom 


1,320 


879 


67 


372 


2 


Nonresident Grocxn 


9,647 


5,678 


533 


3,425 


11 



TABLE 51. 



^«^RRIAGES BY PREVIOUS MARITAL STATUS AND RESIDENCE 
OF GROOM, MARYLAND. 1981 



Resident Status 




PREVIOUS MARITAL STATUS OF GROOM 


Never 






Not Stated 


of Groom 


Marriages 


Married 


Widowed 


Divorced 


and Other 


Total Marriages 


47,128 


30,458 


1,726 


14,902 


42 


Resident Groom 


34,512 


22,855 


1,129 


10,498 


30 


Resident Bride 


33,192 


22,018 


1,036 


10,109 


29 


Nonresident Bride 


1,320 


837 


93 


389 


1 


Nonresident Groom 


12,616 


7,603 


597 


4,404 


12 


Resident Bride 


2,969 


2,169 


108 


690 


2 


Nonresident Bride 


9,647 


5,434 


489 


3,714 


10 



74 



TART.F. S; 


! . NftRRIAGES BY PREVIOUS ^«\RITAL STATUS OF BRIDE 




AND GROOM. BY TYPE OF CEREMONY, MARYLAND, 


1981 




Resident Status 




PREVIOUS MARITAL STATUS OF BRIDE 


Never 






Not Stated 


of Groom 


Marriages 


Married 


Widowed 


Divorced 


and Other 


Total Marriages 


47,128 


31,383 


1,784 


13,900 


61 


Never Married 


30,458 


25,358 


313 


4,768 


19 


Widowed 


1,726 


260 


711 


754 


1 


Divorced 


14,902 


5,759 


759 


8,373 


11 


Not Stated & Other 


42 


6 


1 


5 


30 


Religious Ceremonies 


30,039 
20,697 


21,405 
17,835 


1,072 
164 


7,527 
2,684 


35 
14 


Never ^farried 


Widowed 


1,089 


139 


508 


442 


- 


Divorced 


8,237 


3,428 


400 


4,400 


9 


Not Stated & Other 


16 


3 


— 


1 


12 


Civil Cerenonies 


17,089 
9,761 


9,978 
7,523 


712 
149 


6,373 
2,084 


26 
5 


Never Married 


Widowed 


637 


121 


203 


312 


1 


Divorced 


6,665 


2,331 


359 


3,973 


2 


Not Stated & Other 


26 


3 


1 


4 


18 



TABLE 53. I^^RIAGES BY STATE OF RESIDENCE OF BRIDE 
AND GROOM. MARYLAND, 1981 



State of Residence 


Bride 


Groom 


Tot-al 


47,128 


47,128 


Maryland 


36,161 


34,512 


Pennsylvania 


3,033 


3,173 


Delaware 


1,425 


1,409 


Virginia 


1,267 


1,539 


West Virginia 


919 


987 


District of Columbia 


1,164 


1,208 


New Jersey 


747 


822 


New York 


522 


632 


Ohio 


244 


286 


Florida 


237 


346 


Other United States 


1,247 


2,011 


Foreign Countries 


162 


203 



75 



DIWRCES 



76 



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CM CT> ro CM <X> 


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VO CM ^ 


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^^ ^^^^ ^^^ 

r^rH ONrOCNrH ^CMCN 



oovovovo cri'S'vocyivocMrooOrHO 
m r-{ o r-t rorHininoocTicrir^voo 

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o (N r- 

^ ^ ^ 
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CO rH r- 

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r^ iH in 



o cr« .H 
in in cT> 

fH CTi iH 
^ ^ ^ 

r^ m m 







2 



(0 

c <u 

CT>-H 
8 § 

u 






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3° 



<d 

•H 

c 

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2^ 



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•S 




^8 



CN 



o in m 

CN in VD 



o r* ro 

CT> O^ 0> 

*^ m CN 



CN 



rg 



VD O V£> 

o <y> iH 
vo in 



KD o yo 
00 ro in 



(^ (X> o 
^ 00 V£> 

r*- m ro 

CN 00 CTi 



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79 



TABLE 57. ABSOLUTE DIVORCES AND ANNUDlENrS BY PGE OF HUSBAND 


AND WIFE AT "IME OF DECREE, MARYLAND, 1981 


Age at Time 






of Decree 


Husband 


Wife 


Total Decrees 


17,150 


17,150 


Under 20 years 


33 


181 


20-24 years 


1,312 


2,473 


25-29 years 


3,607 


4,289 


30-34 years 


4,019 


3,654 


35-39 years 


2,827 


2,459 


40-44 years 


1,878 


1,476 


45-49 years 


1,203 


954 


50-54 yeijrs 


805 


546 


55-59 years 


477 


312 


60-64 years 


256 


156 


65 years and over 


216 


110 


Not stated 


517 


540 



80 







'S 












^1^ 


^ 


iH CN 'a* in rH 1 


1 rH 






ro 


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Z -i-i 












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00 


0^ ^ ^ 00 r^ rH 


1 in 








in 


r* rH r^ CN 


in 






in > 

<N O 


CNJ 


00 CN 




Q 


^ 


00 


O ** <T> 00 iH CN 


<-{ ro 


3 




1 


rH 


<Ti 00 •«* VO <N 
ro ro Csl 


vo 


S 




o 

CN 








K M 










00 


f>< 


<T> 


ro 


o (Ti r^ CN r^ CN 


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2 <T> 


2 


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■^ 


00 r^ 00 ro v£> rH 


00 


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g 


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in 


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CN m vD ro 




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r-i 








g 

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r^ 


vo 'sj' CN r<- o vo 


CO <Ti 






nH 


*x> 


00 in m vD VD 


in 


fe G^ 


(S 


1 


CN 


r^ cr> rH CN 




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^ 


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ro 


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in 


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f-i a\ 


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b 


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CN 


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(Ti r- rH O V£> 1 


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Q § 




in 

1 




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rH 




















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1 CN 




ro 


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rH 




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^ 


CN 


^ ^ r^ vD 1 1 


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dS 




rgCN 


in 


en KO f-t 


r-t 
















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o 


r^ «* in in ^ rH 


m rH 


00 Q 


in 


V£> rH r-» VO 00 CN 


r-i r-{ 


in z 


"H "e S 


iH 


00 VD rH 00 rH 

w ^ ^ 


^ 


u 


E-« 3 ^^ 


r~ 


r- ^ m 




i 


z o 


rH 






IS 








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""is 


rH 




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0) 







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5 


O rH CN po ^ in 


VD O 




1 


fr^ 


^ 


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z 






a: 00 










3 


r-t 










z 









a 






1X4 U 



ai 



<D 



U T3 



CN 



00 p-» 

in rH 



m I 



in 



o 



00 CN en in CN 

r-\ en r-i 



o 
o 



o •^ 00 rH r* 

r-i r-i m r-i 
I-i CN 



o 

CN 



r^ o <T> vo ^ 
o ^ (y> ro CN 

rH CN rH 



CN 
O 



o in vo o rH 
o ^ ro (N o 

00 m rH rH 



o 
in 



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ON ^ o r^ CN 

o 00 •«r t^ 

m CN 



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Z 



81 



CCMPARATIVE VITAL STftTISTICS 



82 



! 
1 




T7\RT.E 60. 


SET.FXrrED 


NATALITY DATA BY RACE 








FOR MARYLAND AND THE UNITED STATES, 1971-1981 


BIRm RATES* 1 


Year 


Total 


White 


All Other Races 


Maryland 


United States 


Maryland 


United States 


Maryland 


United States 


1971 


16.3 


17.2 


15.2 


16.2 


21.2 


24.7 


1972 


14.4 


15.6 


13.3 


14.6 


18.9 


22.9 


1973 


13.2 


14.9 


12.1 


13.9 


17.3 


21.9 


1974 


13.0 


14.9 


12.0 


14.0 


16.7 


21.4 


1975 


12.8 


14.8 


11.7 


13.8 


16.8 


21.2 


1976 


12.8 


14.8 


11.5 


13.8 


17.1 


21.1 


1977 


13.5 


15.4 


12.2 


14.4 


18.0 


21.9 


1978 


13.4 


15.3 


12.1 


14.2 


17.2 


22.1 


1979 


13.8 


15.9 


12.5 


14.8 


18.0 


22.8 


1980 


14.2 


15.9 


12.8 


14.9 


18.3 


22.5 


1981 


14.5 


15.8 


13.0 


14.8 


19.0 


22.0 


FERTILITY RATES** 


Year 


Total 


White 


All Other Races 


Maryland 


United States 


Maryland 


United States 


Maryland 


United States 


1971 


73.7 


81.8 


69.1 


77.5 


91.7 


109.5 


1972 


63.8 


73.4 


60.2 


69.2 


77.1 


100.3 


1973 


57.3 


69.2 


53.9 


65.3 


69.0 


94.3 


1974 


55.6 


68.4 


52.6 


64.7 


65.5 


91.0 


1975 


53.8 


66.7 


50.8 


63.0 


63.3 


89.3 


1976 


53.1 


65.8 


49.5 


62.2 


64.4 


87.6 


1977 


55.3 


67.8 


51.5 


64.0 


66.7 


89.9 


1978 


54.1 


66.6 


51.3 


62.7 


61.6 


89.3 


1979 


56.1 


68.5 


52.6 


64.5 


65.1 


91.4 


1980 


57.4 


68.4 


53.9 


64.7 


66.4 


88.6 


1981 


58.4 


67.4 


54.2 


63.9 


69.3 


85.4 


PERCENT OF BIRTHS OF LOW BIRTH WEIOIT 


Year 


Total 


White 


All Other Races 


Maryland 


United States 


Maryland 


United States 


Maryland 


United States 


11971 


8.2 


7.7 


6.6 


6.6 


12.9 


12.7 


1972 


7.6 


7.7 


5.9 


6.5 


12.4 


12.9 


1973 


7.7 


7.6 


6.1 


6.4 


12.3 


12.5 


1974 


7.8 


7.4 


6.1 


6.3 


12.3 


12.3 


1975 


7.9 


7.4 


6.1 


6.2 


12.4 


12.2 


1976 


7.8 


7.3 


5.8 


6.1 


12.5 


12.1 


1977 


7.7 


7.1 


5.6 


5.9 


12.6 


11.9 


1978 


7.8 


7.1 


5.7 


5.9 


12.3 


11.9 


1979 


7.8 


6.9 


5.8 


5.8 


11.8 


11.6 


1980 


8.1 


6.8 


6.0 


5.7 


12.6 


11.5 


1981 


7.7 


6.8 


5.7 


5.7 


11.6 


11.4 



83 



*Birth Rates are Per 1,000 Population. 
►♦Fertility Rates are Per 1,000 Women Aged 15-44 Years. 



84 



TABLE 60. SELECTED ^TALITY DATA BY RACE 
FOR MARHiMO AND THE UNITED STATES, 1971-1981 (CONriNUED-2) 



PERCENT OF BIRTHS TO IMIARRIED WOMEN 



Total 



White 



All Other Races 



Year 



Maryland United States 



Maryland United States 



Maryland United States 



1971 
1972 
1973 
1974 
1975 
1976 
1977 
1978 
1979 
1980 
1981 



15.2 
16.2 
16.9 
17.5 
19.1 
20.3 
22.0 
23.2 
24.7 
25.7 
27.3 



11.3 
12.4 
13.0 
13.2 
14.2 
14.8 
15.5 
16.3 
17.1 
18.4 
18.9 



5.0 

5.3 

5.5 

6.0 

6.9 

7.4 

8.4 

9.2 

10.1 

11.5 

13.0 



5.6 
6.0 
6.4 
6.5 
7.3 
7.7 
8.2 
8.7 
9.4 
11.0 
11.6 



45.6 
47.7 
48.4 
48.2 
49.3 
51.0 
53.1 
54.2 
55.1 
55.3 
56.4 



37.3 
40.3 
41.7 
42.7 
44.2 
45.2 
46.5 
47.6 
48.8 
48.5 
48.5 



PERCENT OF BIRTHS OF FOURTH ORDER OR HIGHER 



Total 



White 



All Other Races 



Year 



Maryland 



United States 



Maryland United States 



Maryland United States 



1971 
1972 
1973 
1974 
1975 
1976 
1977 
1978 
1979 
1980 
1981 



14.5 
12.3 
10.6 
9.5 
8.9 
8.1 
7.6 
7.5 
7.2 
6.5 
6.8 



17.2 
15.4 
13.8 
12.3 
11.6 
11.1 
10.6 
10.3 
10.1 
9.8 
10.3 



13.3 
11.4 
9.7 
8.8 
8.2 
7.4 
6.6 
6.7 
6.4 
5.6 
5.9 



15.9 

14.3 

12.8 

11.3 

10.6 

10.1 

9.6 

9.4 

9.1 

8.8 

8.7 



18.0 

15.0 

13.3 

11.6 

10.7 

9.9 

9.6 

9.5 

8.8 

8.5 

8.7 



23.1 
20.5 
18.5 
16.6 
15.8 
15.2 
14.8 
14.4 
14.0 
13.9 
13.9 



PERCENT OF BIRTHS WITH LATE* OR NO PRENATAL CARE 



Total 



White 



All Other Races 



Year 



Maryland United States 



Maryland United States 



Maryland 



United States 



1971 


6.7 


1972 


6.0 


1973 


4.4 


1974 


3.9 


1975 


3.4 


1976 


3.4 


1977 


3.0 


1978 


2.9 


1979 


6.3 


1980 


3.5 


1981 


3.6 



7.3 
6.9 
6.6 
6.2 
6.0 
5.7 
5.6 
5.4 
5.1 
5.0 
5.2 



5.1 
4.3 
3.1 
2.8 
2.4 
2.5 
2.4 
2.2 
4.9 
2.6 
2.6 



5.8 
5.6 
5.3 
5.1 
5.0 
4.8 
4.7 
4.5 
4.3 
4.1 
4.3 



11.5 
10.8 
8.0 
6.8 
5.7 
5.6 
4.6 
4.5 
9.2 
5.3 
6.2 



14.4 

13.1 

12.2 

11.2 

10.4 

9.8 

9.5 

9.1 

9.1 

8.4 

8.9 



*Care beginning in the Third Trimester of Pregnancy, 
or Not Reported. 



Excludes Not Stated 



85 



TABLE 61. SELECTED MDRTALITY DATA BY RACE 
FOR MARYLAND A^D THE UNITED STATES, 1971-1981 



DEATH RATES* | 


Year 


Total 


White 


All Other Races 


Maryland 


United States 


Maryland 


United States 


Maryland 


United States 


1971 


8.1 


9.3 


8.0 


9.4 


8.5 


9.2 


1972 


8.2 


9.4 


8.2 


9.5 


8.3 


9.2 


1973 


8.1 


9.4 


8.2 


9.4 


7.8 


9.1 


1974 


8.1 


9.2 


8.2 


9.2 


7.5 


8.7 


1975 


7.8 


8.9 


8.0 


9.0 


7.1 


8.3 


1976 


7.9 


8.9 


8.1 


9.0 


7.3 


8.2 


1977 


7.8 


8.8 


8.0 


8.9 


6.8 


8.1 


1978 


8.0 


8.8 


8.4 


9.0 


6.7 


8.1 


1979 


7.8 


8.7 


8.2 


8.8 


6.5 


7.9 


1980 


8.1 


8.8 


8.5 


8.9 


6.8 


7.9 


1981 


8.0 


N/A 


8.4 


N/A 


6.8 


N/A 


INFANT MORTALITY RATES PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS 


Year 


Ttotal 


White 


All Other Races 


Maryland 


United States 


Maryland 


United States 


Maryland 


United States 


1971 


18.2 


19.1 


14.8 


17.1 


28.4 


28.5 


1972 


16.4 


18.5 


14.2 


16.4 


23.0 


27.7 


1973 


15.8 


17.7 


13.9 


15.8 


21.2 


26.2 


1974 


15.9 


16.7 


14.1 


14.8 


20.7 


24.9 


1975 


17.6 


16.1 


15.6 


14.2 


22.5 


24.2 


1976 


17.3 


15.2 


13.7 


13.3 


25.7 


23.5 


1977 


14.4 


14.1 


11.5 


12.3 


21.1 


21.7 


1978 


14.4 


13.8 


11.5 


12.0 


20.9 


21.1 


1979 


14.6 


13.1 


11.4 


11.4 


21.1 


19.8 


1980 


14.1 


12.6 


11.4 


11.0 


19.7 


19.1 


1981 


12.8 


N/A 


10.6 


N/A 


17.3 


N/A 


NEONATAL MORTALITY RATES PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS 


Year 


Total 


White 


All Other Races 


Maryland 


United States 


Maryland 


United States 


Maryland 


United States 


1971 


13.5 


14.2 


11.3 


13.0 


20.0 


19.6 


1972 


12.0 


13.6 


10.6 


12.4 


16.1 


19.2 


1973 


11.3 


13.0 


9.9 


U.8 


15.0 


17.9 


1974 


11.9 


12.3 


10.6 


11.1 


15.5 


17.2 


1975 


13.3 


11.6 


12.0 


10.4 


16.6 


16.8 


1976 


13.1 


10.9 


10.4 


9.7 


19.8 


16.3 


1977 


10.8 


9.9 


8.7 


8.7 


15.6 


14.7 


1978 


11.0 


9.5 


8.7 


8.4 


16.0 


14.0 


1979 


10.5 


8.9 


8.3 


7.9 


15.5 


12.9 


1980 


10.2 


8.5 


8.2 


7.5 


14.4 


11.5 


1981 


9.4 


N/A 


7.8 


N/A 


12.6 


N/A 



*Death Rates are Per 1,000 Population. 



86 



84 



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